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eBooks
A CONCISE HISTORY OF THE U.S ARMY IN OPERATION UPLOAD DEMOCRACY   

The American decision to head a multinational and then United Nations intervention in Haiti (see map 1) in 1994 may be a portent of closer relations between the two neighbors as they approach their third century of intermittent contact. In truth, the United States has ignored Haiti for most of its history, despite the fact that the two states share some common historical experiences, Columbus reached the island he called Hispaniola in 1492, marking the start of European colonization in the New ...Read more >

273 Pages
27.4 MB
STRUGGLE FOR THE CONTROL OF PAKISTAN : MUSHARRAF TAKES ON THE ISLAMIST RADICALS  

The attacks of September 11, 2001, underscored the fact that Pakistan has been a principal center for international rivals who have sought to attack the United States and its interests overseas. Al Qaeda and the Taliban, as well as Kashmiri and homegrown Pakistani Islamist militant groups, have maintained a presence and popularity in Pakistan, both among sections of the masses and elites. Post-September 11 attacks on the U.S. Consulate in Karachi, the journalist Daniel Pearl and French defense ...Read more >

24 Pages
130 KB
SYRIA UNDER BASHAR AL-ASAD : CLINGING TO HIS ROOTS?  

Upon the death of Hafiz al-Asad in June 2000, The Economist quipped that Syria had seemingly lost a dictator and gained an ophthalmologist. The transfer of power from a long-time military strongman to his medically trained and politically inexperienced son was bound to raise expectations of change in a society whose stability under 30 years of Hafiz al-Asadís rule bordered on paralysis. The challenges Bashar and Syria face are formidable. As Glenn Robinson notes, Syria is in many ways an ...Read more >

26 Pages
180 KB
SADDAM IS IRAQ : IRAQ IS SADDAM (UNTILL OPERATION IRAQI FREEDOM)  

Operation Iraqi Freedom ended the Iraqi regime of Saddam Hussein in the Spring of 2003 even though the Iraqi leader may still be alive and in hiding. Identified as a member of the axis of evil by President George W. Bush, Saddam Husseinís Iraq posed a major threat to the region and to Western society. Saddam is believed to have doggedly pursued the development of weapons of mass destruction, despite U.N. sanctions imposed at the conclusion of the 1991 Gulf War. To deal effectively with Saddam ...Read more >

50 Pages
381 KB
PRECISE ASSESSMENTS OF RIVALS VITAL IN ASYMMETRIC WAR THREAT ENVIRONMENT   

Rogue states and terrorist organizations, some armed with weapons of mass destruction or geared to acquire them, pose a new and alarming danger to the United States, its allies and vital interests. As the late U.S. Air Force General Robert Linhard once observed, we are now entering an era where small groups or even single individuals with WMD are now capable of inflicting the kind of damage and casualties that once could only have been inflicted by large and powerful ...Read more >

10 Pages
56.2 KB
DETERRING INTERNATIONAL RIVALS FROM WAR AND ESCALATION   

Why do we seek to understand our enemies? If we are already at war with them the answer is we want to anticipate their actions so we are prepared to counter them effectively and minimize our losses. Forewarned is forearmed. The better we understand them, the more likely we are to win against them, the less likely we are to be surprised and defeated by them. ...Read more >

16 Pages
93.0 KB
KILLING IN THE NAME OF GOD : OSAMA BIN LADEN AND AL QAEDA  

What manner of men are these, living in American society, for years in some cases, aiming to kill thousands while dying in the process? Surely, one would think, they must be crazed psychotics. No normal person could do such a thing. But, in fact, the al Qaeda terrorists were psychologically normal.NBy no means were they psychologically disturbed. Indeed, terrorist groups expel emotionally disturbed individualsthey are a security ...Read more >

24 Pages
132 KB
ARMED PEACEKEEPERS IN BOSNIA   

Over 150 years ago, Carl von Clausewitz offered sage advice: political and military leaders must understand the conflict into which they send their troops. This wisdom certainly applies to armies embarking on peace support operations. But as pointed out by Major D. G. Wilson, who served in Bosnia with the British army, knowing Balkan history is also important in being an effective peacekeeper. In December 1995, the US Army faced an intellectual challenge as it deployed ground troops with the ...Read more >

250 Pages
5.83 MB
THE NEED FOR INFLUENCE THEORY AND ACTOR-SPECIFIC BEHAVIORAL MODELS OF ADVERSARIES   

This analysis begins with a discussion of problems of employing deterrence and coercive diplomacy in intra-state conflicts, drawing on those aspects of experience with these strategies during the Cold War relevant for dealing with intra-state conflicts, and adding some reflections on problems of employing these strategies in the post-Cold War environment. The special characteristics of intra-state conflicts, identified in this analysis, call attention to the need for several types of indirect ...Read more >

40 Pages
238 KB
ANCIENT SECRET OF THE FOUNTAIN OF YOUTH   

One afternoon some years ago, I was sitting in the park reading the afternoon paper, when an elderly gentleman walked up and seated himself alongside me. Appearing to be in his late sixties, he was gray and balding, his shoulders drooped, and he leaned on a cane as he walked. Little did I know that from that moment, the whole course of my life would change ...Read more >

56 Pages
2.40 MB
ENVISIONING FUTURE WARFARE   

The collapse of the Soviet Union and the end of the cold war have given rise to a national debate unmatched since the end of World War II. Dramatic changes in the international system have forced policymakers to reevaluate old strategies and look for new focal points amidst the still unsettled debris of the bipolar world. At issue is the role of the United States in a new world order and its capabilities to defend and promote its national interests in a new environment where threats are both ...Read more >

80 Pages
3.90 MB
A SHORT HISTORY OF THE NCO   

The history of the United States Army and of the noncommissioned officer began in 1775, with the birth of the Continental Army. The American noncommissioned officer did not copy the British. He, like the American Army itself, blended traditions of the French, British, and Prussian armies into a uniquely American institution. As the years progressed, the American political system, disdain for the aristocracy, social attitudes, aad the vast westward expanses further removed the U.S. Army ...Read more >

59 Pages
7.64 MB
CONDITION TERRORISM   

Since the end of the Cold War, the primary threat to United Statesí national security interests has been regional instability. In the absence of superpower influence and guidance, long suppressed religious, ethnic, socioeconomic, and territorial issues began to surface and threatened the continued governance and stability of regional states. At the same time, economic and military support from the superpowers was greatly reduced, as was the capacity of regional states to build and maintain ...Read more >

109 Pages
586 KB
THE FUTURE OF WAR IN ITS TECHNICAL ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL RELATIONS   

The death of M. Jean d£ Bloch, which occurred at Warsaw just as the year (1902) began, is a misfortune for the whole world. It is peculiarly so at this immediate juncture; for the imperative problem with the world at this time is how to get rid of war and substitute for it a rational way of settling international differences, and no other man in our time Has studied this problem so scientifically or contributed so much to its solution as Jean de Bloch. Indeed, I think it is not too much to say ...Read more >

89 Pages
3.37 MB
COUNTERING SUICIDE TERRORISM  

Suicide attacks are not a new phenomenon1 and they have exponentially increased over the past two decades. Many countries all over the world have been forced to contend with the phenomenon of suicide attacks. Radical Islamic activists chose this method for attacking civilian and military targets in various countries, such as Turkey, Chechnya, Iraq, Britain, USA, Jordan, Egypt, Indonesia, Israel, India, etcí. In addition, many more plots in other countries were exposed and thwarted before the ...Read more >

111 Pages
808 KB
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