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Theory of War
LIGHTING THE PATH AHEAD : FIELD EXERCISES AND TRANSFORMATION  

It was early Sunday morning, the seventh day of the month, on the US island of Oahu in the Hawaiian Islands. During the previous night, a naval task force approached the island maintaining absolute radio silence and running without lights. As the night progressed, the task force’s aircraft carriers executed a high-speed run toward the island, which boasted some of the most important American military bases in the Pacific, including the Army Air Corps’ Hickam Field and the naval base at Pearl ...Read more >

45 Pages
186.78 KB
LIMITED WAR UNDER THE NUCLEAR UMBRELLA AND ITS IMPLICATIONS FOR SOUTH ASIA  

Since the creation of India and Pakistan, both countries have been involved in several conflicts that continue to pose the risk of inadvertent war. These conflicts include the Kashmir dispute,territorial disputes such as Siachen, a nuclear arms race and water disputes. Unlike in the past, any future war between the two countries, no matter how limited it might be, will have the potential to escalate into a full-scale nuclear war in light of the changed strategic environment. Although the ...Read more >

31 Pages
271.54 KB
INNOVATION, ELEMENT OF POWER  

According to historian and military analyst Martin van Creveld, military technology and infrastructure,logistics and communications “dictate for the most part the major characteristics of organization, training, strategy, even the concept itself of battle. Without it, one couldn’t conduct an armed conflict and even the existence of conflict would be inconceivable.”1 The vast amount of land held in the rear of the battle sets narrow limits on what could take place along the front: battles, ...Read more >

65 Pages
448.75 KB
IN PRAISE OF ATTRITION  

In our military, the danger of accepting the traditional wisdom has become part of the traditional wisdom. Despite our lip service to creativity and innovation,we rarely pause to question fundamentals. Partly, of course, this is because officers in today’s Army or Marine Corps operate at a wartime tempo, with little leisure for reflection. Yet, even more fundamentally, deep prejudices have crept into our military—as well as into the civilian world that obscure elementary ...Read more >

9 Pages
102.36 KB
COMPLEXITY, NETWORKING AND EFFECTS-BASED APPROACHES TO OPERATIONS  

This program has demonstrated the importance of having a research program focused on the national security implications of the Information Age. It develops the theoretical foundations to provide DoD with information superiority and highlights the importance of active outreach and dissemination initiatives designed to acquaint senior military personnel and civilians with these emerging issues. The CCRP Publication Series is a key element of this ...Read more >

385 Pages
4.48 MB
COMPLEX WARFIGHTING  

This document, Complex Warfighting, is the Australian Army’s Future Land Operational Concept (FLOC). It examines 21st century conflict from the perspective of land forces (the Army and those elements of the RAN and RAAF that support land operations).The FLOC conforms to the ADF Future Warfighting Concept (FWC), which states that ‘the challenges of complex environments reinforce our view that warfare is multidimensional.We view conflict not just in space and time, but also in context – a context ...Read more >

30 Pages
483.28 KB
WHAT FORCE AND METRICS FOR WHAT END –CHARACTERIZING THE FUTURE LEADERSHIP AND FORCE  

This paper will explore several factors which are not regularly placed on the table with the hardware and systems: ethics, spectrum of education, empowerment and accountability and capability and coordination of actions; for what objective: the largest common good; what interaction points: forces, locations and entities which generate limited common good; and,suggested metric: general four-level framework of relative values, melded to the above ...Read more >

17 Pages
98.31 KB
THIRD IN A SERIES THE THIN GREEN LINE  

Just prior to the 9/11 attacks on the United States by al Qaeda, the Army found its strategic relevance being questioned. To be sure, since the fall of the Berlin Wall, the Army had deployed units on a range of commitments around the globe to places like Bosnia, Rwanda, Haiti and Somalia. Yet the Service’s well-publicized difficulties in deploying forces to Albania during Operation Allied Force and the absence of Army units from the battlefield during that conflict, which was prosecuted almost ...Read more >

19 Pages
169.56 KB
CHALLENGING TRANSFORMATIONS CLICHES  

Much of the literature concerning military transformation in the United States employs a number of popular, but hitherto unchallenged clichés. Unfortunately, when phrases are repeated frequently enough, they begin to sound true. In policy circles, where haste often is by necessity the order of the day,that poor basis can suffice to justify any number of decisions.Clichés and catchwords are merely handy ways of capturing and conveying ...Read more >

38 Pages
268.24 KB
DEFENSE TRANSFORMATION : BACKGROUND AND OVERSIGHT ISSUES FOR CONGRESS  

The Bush Administration identified transformation as a major goal for the Department of Defense (DOD) soon after taking office. The Administration argues that new technologies make defense transformation possible and that new threats to U.S. security make defense transformation necessary. The Administration has justified many of its proposals for DOD on the grounds that they are needed for defense transformation. The Administration’s emphasis on transformation has altered the framework of ...Read more >

49 Pages
206.76 KB
CUSTER IN CYBERSPACE  

The combination of abundant networked information and fluid, unfamiliar situations in the current era makes it at once possible and imperative to improve decisionmaking in combat. The key to improvement is to integrate faster reasoning and more reliable intuition into a cognitive whole to achieve battle-wisdom. Although the technologies that both demand and facilitate battle- wisdom are new, military history holds lessons on combining reasoning and intuition in conditions of urgency, danger and ...Read more >

12 Pages
307.73 KB
AN INTERVIEW WITH BRIGADIER MICK SLATER, COMMANDER JOINT FORCES  

On 25 May 2006, the Australian Defence Force commenced a highly complex stabilisation operation in the Democratic Republic of Timor Leste in response to an urgent request from that nation’s government. An outbreak of violence had culminated in a breakdown in the security forces of Timor Leste. In the ensuing security vacuum, sectarian and criminal violence created a humanitarian emergency.At very short notice an Australian Defence Force Joint Task Force (JTF 631) was deployed to Timor Leste. ...Read more >

252 Pages
2.01 MB
A REACHBACK CONCEPT FOR THE FUTURE COMMAND POST : OUTLINE  

What is reachback.Many definitions are found in literature.In general, reachback refers to a situation where resources, capabilities and expertise are at a physical distance from the area of interest, supporting the people in the area to perform their ...Read more >

30 Pages
509.58 KB
THE SECURITY DILEMMA AS A SOCIAL PROCESS  

Existing accounts of the security dilemma largely overlook its transformative effects on actor properties. This article argues that the security dilemma should be recast as a social process in which states become socialized into realpolitik behavior. Repeated interactions can shift collective identity (actor type) by (1) revising a regime’s understanding of the “game” being played, (2) its expectations about its role and the rules of the game and (3) the strategies deemed appropriate for that ...Read more >

36 Pages
301.17 KB
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