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EVOLUTION OF CYBER WAR AND ITS PRESENT STATUS  By Maj Gen PK Mallick, VSM (Retd)

26 April-13 May 2007, coincided with decision to relocate WWII Russian monument. Early attacks on Govt Web sites, then newspapers…some bank ...Read more >

112 Pages
4.81 MB
CYBER AND SPACE STRATEGY FOR INDIA  By MAJ GEN PK MALLICK,VSM (RETD)

Increased public focus on the SSF indicates its growing prominence in the PLA and the priority of its assigned missions. China successfully launched 16 of 18 space launch vehicles (SLVs), orbiting some 31 spacecraft, including communications, navigation, ISR, and test/engineering ...Read more >

40 Pages
3.30 MB
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IN ARMED FORCES- AN ANALYSIS  By Maj Gen PK Mallick VSM, (Retd)

Today is the age of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. The current period of rapid, simultaneous and systemic transformations driven by advances in science is reshaping industries, blurring geographical boundaries, challenging existing regulatory frameworks and even redefining what it means to be human. Artificial intelligence (AI) is the software engine that drives the Fourth Industrial Revolution. AI is creating targeted marketing, safer travel through self-driving cars, smarter weapons ...Read more >

17 Pages
875.17 KB
LAND WARFARE DOCTRINE 2018 OF INDIAN ARMY – A CRITIQUE  By Maj Gen P K Mallick, VSM (Retd)

Doctrine provides guidance for all aspects of a service’s activities, including training, organization and force structure. In the absence of a clearly articulated doctrine, a service may have a difficult time maintaining a coherent approach to its preparation for future war. Paying attention to military doctrine is important for following ...Read more >

21 Pages
1.90 MB
2+2 DIALOGUE AND INDO U.S. RELATIONS  By Maj Gen P K Mallick, VSM (Retd)

There has been significant advances in the U.S.-India relationship over the years. U.S. Secretary of Defense James Mattis and Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, accompanied by Joint Chiefs Chairman Gen. Joseph Dunford, met with their counterparts, Foreign Minister Sushma Swaraj and Defense Minister Nirmala Sitharaman at New Delhi on 6th September 2018, in what was dubbed the ‘twoplus-two’ summit. This comprehensive dialogue aimed to combine foreign and defence policy issues and deal with ...Read more >

39 Pages
1.65 MB
US-CHINA TRADE WAR: ANALYSES OF DEEPER NUANCES AND WIDER IMPLICATIONS  By Maj Gen PK Mallick, VSM (Retd)

On March 8, 2018, the US President Donald Trump announced imposing additional tariffs on China’s export of steel and aluminium to USA. On March 22, 2018, President Trump announced plans to enact sanctions against China over its Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) policies that negatively affect the US stakeholders. These sanctions included raising tariffs by 25 percent on selected Chinese products valued at $50 billion to $60 billion. On April 1, China announced that it had retaliated ...Read more >

47 Pages
2.72 MB
WARGAMING AND STRATEGIC MILITARY DECISION MAKING  By MAJ GEN P K MALLICK, VSM (RETD)

The popular game chess dates back to ancient India where it was called chaturanga The game, a simulation of war involving warfighting functions and formations of its day, helped rulers and their advisors visualize and describe military problems while practicing new schemes of maneuver. The Persians picked up the game and it spread throughout the world often paralleling the conquests of early Islamic kingdoms and ...Read more >

28 Pages
3.77 MB
SELECTION OF ARMY CHIEF  

With the announcement of Lt Gen Bipin Rawat, present Vice Chief of Army Staff to be the next Army Chief there has been lot of discussions on this issue as the traditional method of seniority has not been followed by the present Government. Two other General Officer Commanding of Eastern and Southern Commands are senior to Lt Gen Bipin Rawat. It is still not clear whether Chief of Defence Staff (CDS) or Permanent Chief of Chiefs of Staff Committee (COSC) will be appointed and who will get ...Read more >

10 Pages
762.96 KB
TECHNOLOGY SOLUTIONS TO REINFORCING SECURITY  By By Maj Gen P K Mallick, VSM(Retd)

21st century is characterized by phenomenal growth of technology specially Information Technology (IT) and Internet. The technology is becoming cheaper, easy to operate and provide facilities which could not be even imagined decade earlier. Technology is also a great leveler. Today the same facilities provided by latest technology advancements are available to violent elements as well as law enforcing agencies and armed forces. Today’s enemies are dynamic, unpredictable, diverse, fluid, ...Read more >

11 Pages
424.98 KB
TESTIMONY OF ADMIRAL MICHAEL S. ROGERS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR INDIA  By Maj Gen P K Mallick, VSM (Retd)

Admiral Michael S. Rogers is the Director of the National Security Agency (NSA), Commander of the U.S. Cyber Command (USCYBERCOM) and Chief of the Central Security Service (CSS) since April 3, 2014. He is going to be replaced by US Army’s Army Cyber Command Chief Lt. Gen. Paul Nakasone. On 27 February 2018 Admiral Michael Rogers testified before the Senate Committee on Armed Services. In his prepared speech the Admiral explained the various progress made by the USCYBERCOM. This was his ...Read more >

4 Pages
208.00 KB
CHINA’S DEFENCE BUDGET: AN ANALYSIS AND COMPARISON WITH INDIA’S DEFENCE BUDGET  By Maj Gen P. K. Mallick, VSM (Retd)

The Chinese Premier (Prime Minister), Li Keqiang, kicked off a potentially momentous political summit in Beijing at the annual meeting of China’s National People’s Congress. Speaking in the Great Hall of the People, the cavernous Mao-era building where China hosts its most important political spectacles, Premier Li Keqiang released the annual budget. Li Keqiang said as he read a report to nearly 3000 delegates in the Great Hall of the People on March 05, 2018, “We will stick to ...Read more >

11 Pages
1.29 MB
WHAT IS HAPPENING IN TIBET  By Maj Gen PK Mallick, VSM(Retd)

On November 26, 2017 a 63-year-old Tibetan popular monk and volunteer teacher of village children named Tenga from Kardze self-immolated in Sichuan province s Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture. He called out for freedom in Tibet before he set himself aflame. These self-immolation protests have explicitly called for greater freedom for the Tibetan people. They represent the deep frustrations and yearnings of the Tibetan people. Since 2008-2009, the unrest of resorting to self immolation ...Read more >

18 Pages
1.39 MB
ENHANCED SITUATIONAL AWARENESS FOR MODERN WARFARE  By Maj Gen PK Mallick, VSM(Retd)

Gathering of information on the state of one’s own forces—as well as the enemy and on such external factors as weather and terrain. The information having been gathered, means must be found to store, retrieve, filter, classify, distribute and display ...Read more >

42 Pages
1.99 MB
NATIONAL DEFENCE STRATEGY OF USA: WHERE IS INDIA’S NATIONAL DEFENCE STRATEGY  By Maj Gen P K Mallick, VSM (Retd.)

The U.S. Secretary of Defense, Jim Mattis released the 2018 National Defense Strategy (NDS) summary during a speech at Johns Hopkins University’s Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies on January 19, 2018. This is the first National Defense Strategy in nearly a decade. The last was published under the signature of Bob Gates in June 2008, during the latter days of the Bush administration. The NDS replaces the erstwhile Quadrennial Defense ...Read more >

5 Pages
862.49 KB
PLA IN ELECTROMAGNETIC DOMAIN  By Maj Gen P K Mallick, VSM (Retd)

The PLA expects to fight intense short wars that will be very decisive. The ability of military forces to communicate and coordinate rapidly through Command, control, communications, computers, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (C4ISR) networks means that military forces in Local Wars at the operational level will be agile, capable of high-tempo deep operations, resource-intensive, critically dependent on information and present in all warfare domains. China’s military ...Read more >

8 Pages
1.31 MB
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