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PKPaper
INDIA’S OPTIONS AGAINST CHINA’S DEVELOPING CYBER CAPABILITIES  By Maj Gen PK Mallick, VSM (Retd)

If countries go to war, cyber-attacks will be a part of it. Cyber operations are a new way to exercise national power. How countries will use cyber operations is determined by their existing strategies, larger interests, risk tolerance, experience and institutions. China is increasingly using cyber capabilities including cyber espionage, attack and influence to seek political, economic and military advantage over its adversaries. Like the internet, cyberspace and the ...Read more >

23 Pages
716.29 KB
SWAMI VIVEKANANDA AND SISTER NIVEDITA: PIONEERS OF INDIAN SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH  By Maj Gen PK Mallick, VSM (Retd)

The contribution of Swami Vivekananda in nation-building is well known. Vivekananda s idea was that a true exchange should take place between India and the Western world, where the latter would learn from Indian spirituality while India would benefit from the West s material advancement. He emphasised the need to educate the women and the poor of India. What is generally not known is Swami Vivekananda s ideas about education and scientific research. A visionary, he realised the ...Read more >

31 Pages
2.83 MB
UKRAINE IS WINNING THE INFORMATION WAR AGAINST RUSSIA ON SOCIAL MEDIA: BUT EXPERTS SAY IT IS FAR FROM OVER !!  By Maj Gen PK Mallick, VSM (Retd)

In all military conflicts of the last decade, especially in Estonia and Georgia involving Russia, one thing has come out loud and clear― Information Warfare will precede conflict and it will continue during the conflict. The ongoing conflict in Ukraine is no exception. The Russian invasion of Ukraine has been labelled as the first "TikTok War," with photos and videos from soldiers and civilians alike spreading and proliferating in real time.1 The war has become content, ...Read more >

27 Pages
1.03 MB
RUSSIA UKRAINE CONUNDRUM  By Maj Gen PK Mallick, VSM (Retd)

Ukraine has always played an important part in the global security order. Today, it is in the middle of a renewed great-power rivalry that may dominate international relations in the decades to follow. Ukraine was a cornerstone of the erstwhile Soviet Union. It was the second–most populous and powerful of the fifteen Soviet republics, after Russia. Ukraine was home to much of the union’s agricultural production, defence industries and military including the Black Sea Fleet and ...Read more >

76 Pages
3.97 MB
AI: DEFENCE APPLICATION S  By Maj Gen PK Mallick, VSM (Retd)

65 Pages
1.96 MB
CHINA’S DEVELOPING CYBER WARFARE CAPABILITIE  By Maj Gen PK Mallick, VSM (Retd)

Chinese President Xi Jinping has made it clear that China’s objective is to emerge as a cyber superpower . China wants to be the world s largest nation in cyberspace and also one of the most powerful. The information technology revolution has produced both momentous opportunities and likely vulnerabilities for China. China is home to the largest number of netizens in the world. It hosts some of the world s most vibrant and successful technology companies. It is also a ...Read more >

27 Pages
951.73 KB
INDIAN SPACE ASSOCIATION (ISPA): INDIA ON THE MOVE IN SPACE DOMAIN  By Maj Gen PK Mallick, VSM (Retd)

Prime Minister Narendra Modi, on 11 October, 2021, launched the Indian Space Association (ISpA), an industry body comprising various stakeholders of the Indian space domain.The Prime Minister said, “ISpA is a premier industry association of space and satellite companies, which aspires to be the collective voice of the Indian space industry. It will undertake policy advocacy and engage with ...Read more >

7 Pages
287.25 KB
SAM MANEKSHAW- A LEGEND  By Col PK Mallick

The recent media reports of illness of field marshal SAM manekshaw, MC the most famous, charismatic, flamboyant and successful soldier the indian army has produced, caused anxiety to all concerned. the field marshal is well into 90s. We all hope and pray that the living legend crosses century and continue to be an icon for all serving and retired soldiers. It will not be out of place here to highlight some interesting anecdotes and facets of his ...Read more >

6 Pages
296.50 KB
GREY ZONE WARFARE – USE OF EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES BY STATE AND BAD ACTORS  By Maj Gen PK Mallick, VSM (Retd)

56 Pages
2.68 MB
SCOPE FOR USE OF AI IN SECURITY : OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES  By Maj Gen PK Mallick,VSM(Retd)

48 Pages
2.23 MB
CYBER, COMMUNICATIONS, EW & TECHNOLOGY (C2ET) DIGEST  By Maj Gen P K Mallick, VSM (Retd)

Microsoft released its second annual Digital Defense Report, covering July 2020 to June 2021. This year s 134 pages report is quite detailed, with sections on cybercrime, nationstate threats, supply-chain attacks and Internet of Things attacks. The report includes security suggestions for organizations with remote workforces. It has a section describing the use of social media to spread disinformation. The report is a compilation of integrated data and actionable insights from across ...Read more >

39 Pages
2.04 MB
INDIA IN SPACE DOMAIN – PATHBREAKING DEVELOPMENTS  By Maj Gen PK Mallick, VSM (Retd)

India is now a major spacefaring nation. Initially, the Indian space programme was focused primarily on societal and developmental utilities. Today, like many other countries, India is compelled to use space for several military requirements like intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance. Hence, India is looking to space to gain operational and informational advantages. India has had its fair share of achievements in the space domain. It ...Read more >

36 Pages
820.76 KB
DETERRENCE THEORY – IS IT APPLICABLE IN CYBER DOMAIN?  By Maj Gen PK Mallick, VSM (Retd)

The Deterrence Theory was developed in the 1950s, mainly to address new strategic challenges posed by nuclear weapons from the Cold War nuclear scenario. During the Cold War, the U.S. and the Soviet Union adopted a survivable nuclear force to present a ‘credible’ deterrent that maintained the ‘uncertainty’ inherent in a strategic balance as understood through the accepted theories of major theorists like Bernard ...Read more >

83 Pages
1.83 MB
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