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PKPaper
CHINA’S DEVELOPING CYBER WARFARE CAPABILITIE  By Maj Gen PK Mallick, VSM (Retd)

Chinese President Xi Jinping has made it clear that China’s objective is to emerge as a cyber superpower . China wants to be the world s largest nation in cyberspace and also one of the most powerful. The information technology revolution has produced both momentous opportunities and likely vulnerabilities for China. China is home to the largest number of netizens in the world. It hosts some of the world s most vibrant and successful technology companies. It is also a ...Read more >

27 Pages
951.73 KB
INDIAN SPACE ASSOCIATION (ISPA): INDIA ON THE MOVE IN SPACE DOMAIN  By Maj Gen PK Mallick, VSM (Retd)

Prime Minister Narendra Modi, on 11 October, 2021, launched the Indian Space Association (ISpA), an industry body comprising various stakeholders of the Indian space domain.The Prime Minister said, “ISpA is a premier industry association of space and satellite companies, which aspires to be the collective voice of the Indian space industry. It will undertake policy advocacy and engage with ...Read more >

7 Pages
287.25 KB
SAM MANEKSHAW- A LEGEND  By Col PK Mallick

The recent media reports of illness of field marshal SAM manekshaw, MC the most famous, charismatic, flamboyant and successful soldier the indian army has produced, caused anxiety to all concerned. the field marshal is well into 90s. We all hope and pray that the living legend crosses century and continue to be an icon for all serving and retired soldiers. It will not be out of place here to highlight some interesting anecdotes and facets of his ...Read more >

6 Pages
296.50 KB
GREY ZONE WARFARE – USE OF EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES BY STATE AND BAD ACTORS  By Maj Gen PK Mallick, VSM (Retd)

56 Pages
2.68 MB
SCOPE FOR USE OF AI IN SECURITY : OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES  By Maj Gen PK Mallick,VSM(Retd)

48 Pages
2.23 MB
CYBER, COMMUNICATIONS, EW & TECHNOLOGY (C2ET) DIGEST  By Maj Gen P K Mallick, VSM (Retd)

Microsoft released its second annual Digital Defense Report, covering July 2020 to June 2021. This year s 134 pages report is quite detailed, with sections on cybercrime, nationstate threats, supply-chain attacks and Internet of Things attacks. The report includes security suggestions for organizations with remote workforces. It has a section describing the use of social media to spread disinformation. The report is a compilation of integrated data and actionable insights from across ...Read more >

39 Pages
2.04 MB
INDIA IN SPACE DOMAIN – PATHBREAKING DEVELOPMENTS  By Maj Gen PK Mallick, VSM (Retd)

India is now a major spacefaring nation. Initially, the Indian space programme was focused primarily on societal and developmental utilities. Today, like many other countries, India is compelled to use space for several military requirements like intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance. Hence, India is looking to space to gain operational and informational advantages. India has had its fair share of achievements in the space domain. It ...Read more >

36 Pages
820.76 KB
DETERRENCE THEORY – IS IT APPLICABLE IN CYBER DOMAIN?  By Maj Gen PK Mallick, VSM (Retd)

The Deterrence Theory was developed in the 1950s, mainly to address new strategic challenges posed by nuclear weapons from the Cold War nuclear scenario. During the Cold War, the U.S. and the Soviet Union adopted a survivable nuclear force to present a ‘credible’ deterrent that maintained the ‘uncertainty’ inherent in a strategic balance as understood through the accepted theories of major theorists like Bernard ...Read more >

83 Pages
1.83 MB
CYBER WEAPONS - A WEAPON OF WAR?  By Maj Gen PK Mallick, VSM (Retd)

The character of warfare has changed fundamentally over the last decade. In the past, it was essential for an adversary nation or insurgent to physically bring weapons to bear during combat. That requirement is no longer a necessity. In cyber operations, the only weapons that need to be used are bits and bytes. In this new era of warfare, logistics issues that often restrict and limit conventional warfare and weaponry are not impediments. This new weaponry moves at the speed of light, is ...Read more >

61 Pages
1.83 MB
SOCIAL MEDIA IN VIOLENT CONFLICTS – RECENT EXAMPLES  By Maj Gen PK Mallick, VSM (Retd)

Alan Rusbridger, the then editor-in-chief of the Guardian in his 2010 Andrew Olle Media Lecture, stated, “News organisations still break lots of news. But, increasingly, news happens first on Twitter. If you’re a regular Twitter user, even if you’re in the news business and have access to wires, the chances are that you’ll check out many rumours of breaking news on Twitter first. ...Read more >

51 Pages
1.87 MB
WATER SECURITY AS PART OF NON-TRADITIONAL SECURITY: THREAT- IMPLICATIONS FOR INDIA  By Maj Gen PK Mallick, VSM (Retd)

Like oil or data, water is an integral part of the world’s economy. Although about 71 per cent of the earth’s surface is water-covered, the oceans hold about 96.5 percent of all Earth’s water which is salt water. Freshwater, most of it is frozen in glaciers, accounts for the rest. That leaves less than 1 per cent of the world’s water available to support human and ecological processes. We withdraw 4.3 trillion cubic meters of freshwater every year from the earth’s water basins. ...Read more >

51 Pages
6.47 MB
CHINA’S CYBER-INFLUENCE OPERATIONS  By Maj Gen PK Mallick, VSM (Retd)

The digital era has transformed the way we communicate. Using social media like Facebook and Instagram, and social applications such as WhatsApp and Telegram, one can be in contact with friends and family, share pictures, videos, messages, posts and share our experiences. Social media has become an effective way of influencing human society and behavior, and shaping public opinion. By sharing a post, tweeting an idea, contributing a discussion in a forum and sharing a sentimental picture, ...Read more >

86 Pages
2.52 MB
CHINA’S NUCLEAR AND MISSILE CAPABILITIES: AN OVERVIEW  By Maj Gen PK Mallick, VSM (Retd)

Since China first conducted a nuclear weapon test in 1964, its nuclear doctrine has remained unchanged and is underpinned by two principles: a minimum deterrent doctrine and a No First Use (NFU) policy. China’s 2019 defence white paper states, “China is always committed to a nuclear policy of NFU of nuclear weapons at any time and under any circumstances, and not using or threatening to use nuclear weapons against non-nuclearweapon states or nuclear-weapon-free zones ...Read more >

82 Pages
5.35 MB
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