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Dissertations
HOW SHOULD THE JOINT FORCE HANDLE THE COMMAND AND CONTROL OF UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS?  

The purpose of this monograph is to formulate an improvement to and highlight deficiencies in the current manner of the command and control of unmanned aircraft systems. The paper employs a historical method of analysis of the centralization of the command and control of airpower derived from the Casablanca Conference of 1943 during World War II. It then applies the classification problems associated with aircraft and discusses the lack of applicability of those taxonomies as technological ...Read more >

58 Pages
745 KB
FULL SPECTRUM TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT : SOLDIER SKILLS AND ATTRIBUTES  

Counterinsurgency (COIN) is essentially a human endeavor that taxes the full spectrum of human capabilities. The challenges of COIN and Full Spectrum Operations (FSO) require a complementary approach to Soldier preparation referred to here as Full Spectrum Training and Development (FSTD). The goal of the research described in this report was to develop an exemplary guide for FSTD focused on the skills and attributes needed for reconnaissance leaders in FSO. This goal was achieved by developing ...Read more >

59 Pages
1.88 MB
COMMANDING HEIGHTS STRATEGIC LESSONS FROM COMPLEX OPERATIONS   

The natural tendency of people to view problems from the perspective of their home organization is widely acknowledged in Washington. The corrosive effect this has on unity of intent and unity of effort is also acknowledged, documented, and lamented. As long as the stakes are small, the costs of such parochialism are apparently endurable. Our recent frustrations in Iraq and Afghanistan, however, have elevated the problem of so-called stove-piping to a high profile. The proposed remedy to ...Read more >

181 Pages
2.03 MB
REASSESSING AMERICAN GRAND STRATEGY IN SOUTH ASIA   

The committee met, pursuant to notice, at 2:30 p.m., in room 2200 Rayburn House Office Building, Hon. Dana Rohrabacher (chairman of the subcommittee) presiding. Mr. ROHRABACHER. On the record. I’m not going to repeat what I just said. So anyway, I want to welcome all of you, welcome our witnesses and thank our witnesses for joining us today. U.S. policy in Southwest Asia needs to be changed and changed quickly because we are currently funding people who are directly responsible for killing ...Read more >

67 Pages
2.12 MB
STRATEGIC AND OPERATIONAL DECISION MAKING : DOES MILITARY WEAKNESS AFFECT DECISIONS MADE?  

The United States and Japan had a very contentious relationship between 1939 and 1941. During this time, Japan’s strategic objectives focused on the desire for a policy of national self-sufficiency and of non-reliance on Western imports or economic aid. Its major operational objective was the Dutch East Indies, where Japan imported its oil, rubber, and a number of other goods. Japan fully pursued its objectives as the armed forces provided the foundation for plans to identify, protect, ...Read more >

52 Pages
264 KB
SOCIAL MEDIA AND THE US ARMY : MAINTAINING A BALANCE  

Now that the Department of Defense has permitted the use of social media for both private and official purposes, the question becomes, can the military, the Army in particular, obtain the benefits sought from social media use without seriously compromising individual and operations security? Answering this question required an initial assessment of Army goals and objectives to determine why the Army risked the use of social media. The assessment revealed two reasons. First, the Army needed ...Read more >

49 Pages
387 KB
GENERAL OF THE ARMY OMAR NELSON BRADLEY IN THE KOREAN WAR AND THE MEANING OF THE CHAIRMANSHIP   

This General of the Army Omar Nelson Bradley served as the first Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and he played a significant role during the Korean War. Bradley served as the senior military advisor to President Harry S. Truman, and he was the critical link to General of the Army Douglas MacArthur as the United Nations Commander during the war. The most critical events in the Korean War occurred in the first year. Bradley established the military policy that guided the actions for ...Read more >

52 Pages
963 KB
THE HYBRID THREAT CONEPT : CONTEMPORARY WAR, MILITARY PLANNING AND THE ADVENT OF UNRESTRICTED OPERATIONAL ART  

Hybrid threat actors seek to master unrestricted operational art in order to reconcile overmatch and protect or advance their interests. As interest-based rational actors, hybrid threats translate strategic intent into unrestricted distributed operations. The hybrid threat concept represents the evolution of operational art and a potential paradigm shift as a doctrinal and organizational Revolution in Military Affairs (RMA). Baptized in its modern form after the 1991 Gulf War, the hybrid threat ...Read more >

93 Pages
551 KB
CHALLENGES FOR THIS KIND OF WAR : MODIFYING ARMY AWARDS FOR A NEW CENTURY OF CONFLICT  

The United States Army continues to execute counterinsurgency operations in support of the Global War on Terror in Afghanistan. However, inculcating a counterinsurgency ethos into the Army continues to be a challenge. The Army’s reward system, which drives individual motivation and reflects corporate values, plays a much-overlooked role in this endeavor. In the Army, as with most organizations, pay, promotion and awards form a tripod of extrinsic motivation, and represent tools that the ...Read more >

77 Pages
1.31 MB
FOUR DECADES AND FIVE MANUALS : US ARMY STRATEGIC LEADERSHIP DOCTRINE, 1983-2011  

This monograph analyzes the history of United States Army leadership doctrine from 1983 through 2011 to identify the evolution of strategic leadership theory and practice in Army doctrine. Using leadership doctrine, the focus is on the analysis of the articles, reports, opinions, studies, and research papers surrounding each doctrinal publication. This research uses an analytical approach across the timeline of leadership doctrine by understanding each approved doctrine, reviewing the ...Read more >

59 Pages
501 KB
CHINAS RESOURCE QUEST : SECURING ACCESS TO NATURAL RESOURCES AT HOME AND ABROAD  

In the past decade, Chinas urban population and economy have grown dramatically. China realizes it must maintain steady and secure access to natural resources in order to placate its populace and maintain economic growth. This monograph examines Chinese actions to secure access to natural resources at home and abroad and discusses the affect a resource secure China has on the United States. China has shown that she has developed a comprehensive plan to maximize production of domestic natural ...Read more >

66 Pages
819 KB
ASSESSING CHINESE INTENTIONS FOR THE MILITARY USE OF THE SPACE DOMAIN   

The continuing rise of Chinese political and military power has made Americans suspicious of China’s intentions in the space domain. For many in the American defense community, the 2007 Anti-Satellite (ASAT) test was the smoking gun that proved China’s ultimate desire to challenge American space dominance. Other experts, however, have proposed a more benign intent behind such actions, leading to vigorous debates over Chinese motives and the appropriate American responses. How can American ...Read more >

50 Pages
272 KB
FACING THE LONG WAR : FACTORS THAT LEAD SOLDIERS TO STAY IN THE ARMY DURING PERSISTENT CONFLICT  

The purpose of the monograph is to explore the trends in retention during the last fifteen years during an era of persistent conflict. Frequent deployments influence soldiers’ retention decisions. Based on extensive research from surveys, focus groups, and retention analysis, eight factors stand out. The eight primary retention factors for U.S. Army soldiers are family support, military and civilian education, quality physical and mental health services, pay and benefits, serving a higher ...Read more >

52 Pages
424 KB
AMERICAN MILITARY ETHICS : STALWART IN A CHANGING SOCIETY  

This monograph explores the American media’s influence on ethical military policy and attempts to understand the complex relationship between the United States’ military, the American media, and U.S. policy makers in the context of a changing society. The purpose is to explore American media’s influence on military ethical policy during wartime. Furthermore, this study aims to demystify media’s role in wartime reporting for the military professional by showing that regardless of media’s ...Read more >

50 Pages
254 KB
FLIGHT SIMULATION FOR THE BRAIN : WHY ARMY OFFICERS MUST WRITE  

Writing is on the decline in the Army officer corps. Thoughtful, precise writing in staff papers has been replaced by hastily composed emails and PowerPoint© slides filled with bullet statements of incomplete sentences. This deterioration of writing skills is causing a corresponding deterioration of thinking skills. Writing, although valuable as a communication medium, is most valuable as a powerful way of thinking. Writing forces us to order thoughts in a logical and coherent way. It forces us ...Read more >

17 Pages
556 KB
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