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Dissertations
WINNING BATTLES LOSING WARS A DISTURBING TREND IN AMERICAN WARFARE  

Since winning World War II and despite decades of U.S. hegemony, we must acknowledge an ironic and disturbing trend: America is winning battles, but losing wars. While these strategic losses may be the collective fault of many, our oath as U.S. military officers requires us to act boldly to reverse this trend. If we do not act, America may lose again or forfeit her power to influence global affairs and deter potential enemies. This strategic research paper analyzes the disturbing trend in our ...Read more >

22 Pages
108.74 KB
WHAT SQUAD LEADERS WANT TO KNOW IN BATTLE  

The Battlefield Information Questionnaire was developed to measure the relative importance of 88 different types of battlefield information to squad leaders in four combat situations: planning, assaulting an objective, consolidating and reorganizing on the objective and defending the objective from counterattack. This questionnaire was then administered to a group of 106 non-commissioned officers, each having combat experience as a squad leader. The types of information they most wanted to ...Read more >

44 Pages
1.94 MB
UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE USE IN ARMY BRIGADE COMBAT TEAMS : INCREASING EFFECTIVENESS ACROSS THE SPECTRUM OF CONFLICT  

One of the major strengths of the U.S. Army conventional force and its doctrinal methods, is the ability to conduct operational and tactical maneuver out of contact with an enemy force. This allows the U.S. to decide the time, place and conditions of contact. Under this system national, strategic and operational intelligence systems generate, analyze and disseminate intelligence to maneuver units. When major conventional operations conclude, or in operations where they never take place, ...Read more >

61 Pages
396.72 KB
PHYSIOLOGICAL AND COMFORT ASSESSMENTS OF VOLUNTEERS WEARING BATTLE DRESS (BDU) UNIFORMS OF DIFFERENT FABRICS DURING INTERMITTENT EXERCISE  

The purpose of this study is to obtain data on the physiological responses of test and psychological Volunteers wearing Battledress Uniforms (BDU) made from permeable fabrics that differ in physical and sensory properties. These properties may influence the perception of thermal and tactile comfort sensations experienced by Soldiers while wearing these garments. The ultimate objective is to determine if these material properties can be used to predict the relative likelihood of acceptance of ...Read more >

108 Pages
39.45 MB
TIME FOR CENTRALIZED CONTROL OF UNMANNED AERIAL SYSTEMS  

The use of UAVs in peace and conflict is not new; however, when UAVs are used to perform tasks historically accomplished by manned aircraft, they make national headlines. The increased use of UAVs in military operations in Kosovo, Afghanistan and Iraq since prior to the turn of the century has brought the advantages and disadvantages of these systems to the forefront for military ...Read more >

24 Pages
89.04 KB
UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLES REVOLUTIONARY TOOLS IN WAR AND PEACE  

The unmanned aerial vehicle's (UAV) operational impact is growing as compared to manned weapon systems. Historical evolution of the UAV has been marked by a series of inconsistent periods of technological development followed by stagnation. It was not until Vietnam that the UAV had a measurable impact on military operations. However, following the technological progress spurred on by the Vietnam War, the UAV was again forsaken by military ...Read more >

22 Pages
131.22 KB
TRANSFORMING SIGNAL SUPPORT TO THE THEATER  

The United States Army is transforming to meet the national security challenges of the 21st century and to remain relevant and ready. The new force structure will feature a CONUSbased force projection Army, which is more modular, more lethal and more deployable. A key enabler of the modular Army is the network. The ability of our forces to not only operate in a net-centric environment, but to exploit it to our advantage, is a fundamental concept surrounding Army Transformation. Based on this ...Read more >

20 Pages
56.08 KB
TRANSFORMING THE STRUCTURE OF THE MILITARY : COMBAT DECISIONS-RANK,RESPONSIBILITY OR FRONTLINE POSITION  

This case raises the questions of whether, in this day of advanced information networks,field grade military officers should be present at the scene of complex tactical battles and whether net centric operations allow commanders to operate effectively from the front lines. Many have assumed that new information technologies lift the fog of war and therefore allow commanders to operate with clear vision from rear positions. This case examines the opposite postulate that net centric capabilities ...Read more >

16 Pages
490.57 KB
THE COMBAT TRAINING CENTER : TRAINING FOR FULL-SPECTRUM OPERATIONS  

The changing strategic environment has necessitated a shift in Army training from traditional maneuver warfare competence to full spectrum operations to better defeat irregular, catastrophic and disruptive challenges. The problem is that full-spectrum operations replaced traditional warfare training at the National Training Center (NTC) and the Joint Multinational Readiness Center (JMRC) rather than complimenting or augmenting it. Thus the central research question is: Do the training models at ...Read more >

76 Pages
484.06 KB
COLLABORATIVE AWARENESS : EXPERIMENTS WITH TOOLS FOR BATTLE COMMAND  

In this paper, we report on the findings of recent experiments conducted by the Multicell and Dismounted Command and Control (M&D C2) program jointly conducted by Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) and the US Army to investigate operational implications of using a new approach to battle command and control (C2). The approach is predicated on synthesized and analyzed information presented to the commander and staff organized into a small command cell. We present an ...Read more >

41 Pages
3.62 MB
EFFECTS OF INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM ON THE SECURITY OF PAKISTAN  

The 9/11 terrorist attacks in the United States shook the world. Within Pakistan, the consequences were profound. Whereas most Pakistani leadership perceived that support for the US in the Global War on Terrorism (GWOT) was in their national interests and a continuation of the policies begun under President Pervez Musharraf, others within Pakistan believed that the support signaled a dramatic change in Pakistani policies designed to pander to the US for short term political and economic gains. ...Read more >

24 Pages
75.23 KB
SYSTEMS THINKING FOR INTEGRATED OPERATIONS : INTRODUCING A SYSTEMIC APPROACH TO OPERATIONAL ART FOR DISASTER RELIEF  

In the wake of Hurricane Katrina, a national debate emerged regarding the ability of the federal government to coordinate the actions of multiple departments and agencies. The most significant obstacle to conducting synchronized, coordinated interagency operations is the way each agency approaches problem solving. While the Hurricane Katrina response is considered by many to be an anomaly, there is ample evidence that the government’s problems in Katrina are not isolated phenomena. This study ...Read more >

80 Pages
1.36 MB
STEALING THE SWORD  

In this document, we focus on how the United States can shape the environment, including the perceptions of terrorists, to discourage the use of advanced conventional weapons. We review weapons under development, assess prospective and previous terrorist uses of such weapons, identify ways to make particular kinds of weapons less attractive to terrorist groups and explore reasons that terrorist groups choose or reject certain ...Read more >

156 Pages
4.30 MB
RAPIER OR THE CLUB THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ATTRITION AND MANEUVER WARFARE  

If wars of attrition are generally more costly than wars of maneuver, why do modern wars so often become wars of attrition? This project compares the relationship between attrition and maneuver warfare. The study considers whether there are times wars of attrition should be fought and whether there are conditions that force wars of attrition. The project employs two case studies to better understand the relationship and the risks of attempting to impose maneuver warfare when the conditions that ...Read more >

24 Pages
66.88 KB
PRINCIPLES OF WAR IN THE 21ST CENTURY  

The US is considered the world’s sole superpower. However, America has recently suffered setbacks and faces dangerous foes intent on its destruction. Many strategists regard the Principles of War as the bedrock of US military doctrine; others suggest that they should be discarded. Some aspects of the 21st Century battlefields have changed considerably, while others aspects remain unchanged since time immemorial. Is there an immutable nature to the Principles of War as well - or should they be ...Read more >

28 Pages
78.99 KB
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