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Dissertations
DOES CURRENT ARMY PHYSICAL FITNESS TRAINING DOCTRINE ADEQUATELY PREPARE SOLDIERS FOR WAR?  

The U.S. Army has continually adjusted its fitness regimen to best prepare Soldiers for combat. This paper attempts to answer a critical question: Does the current U.S. Army physical fitness training doctrine adequately prepare soldiers for war? Since 1941, FM 21-20, Physical Training, has been the sole source for fitness training. Outdated, it was replaced in March of 2010 by Army Physical Readiness Training (PRT). FM 21-20 does, however, contain building blocks of successful fitness programs. ...Read more >

134 Pages
1.93 MB
THE SOLDIER’S LOAD AND THE MULTIFUNCTIONAL UTILITY/LOGISTICS AND EQUIPMENT-TRANSPORT   

The weight of the loads carried by today’s dismounted infantrymen has degraded their ability to operate in restricted terrain. This degradation in capability has had a drastic impact on the effectiveness of the Infantry Brigade Combat Teams which were designed to operate in restrictive and severely restrictive terrain. Originally developed as a part of the Future Combat Systems program, the Multifunctional Utility/Logistics and Equipment Transport is an unmanned ground vehicle designed to carry ...Read more >

99 Pages
804 KB
THE INTEGRATION OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY IN FULL SPECTRUM OPERATIONS : A CASE STUDY OF CJTF-101 IN AFGHANISTAN  

The integration of Information and Communications Technology (ICT) is essential in today's contemporary operating environment. ICT now serves as a cross-sector enabler for all elements of national power due to the nature of Full Spectrum Operations, U.S. Interagency involvement, and the expansion of globalization. Using Combined Joint Task Force-101 (CJTF-101) in Afghanistan (2008-2009) as a case study, the lack of ICT coordination and synchronization among national and international ...Read more >

102 Pages
809 KB
SUCCEEDING AT ORGANIZATIONAL TRANSFORMATION  

Organizational transformations are inherently difficult to achieve in any public or private sector. As such, there has been a significant body of writing developed primarily in business and the military as to how to achieve successful organizational transformations. The intent of this paper is to synthesize these writings down to five key principles that will then be used to examine several recent, western, military transformations. They include the attempt at U.S. unification in the 1940s, the ...Read more >

51 Pages
266 KB
THE VULNERABILITIES OF UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEM COMMON DATA LINKS TO ELECTRONIC ATTACK   

Unmanned aircraft are fulfilling critical roles in Iraq and Afghanistan. They are integral in base defense plans and the protection of key infrastructure. They enable commanders to monitor activity throughout their area of responsibility and direct action, when required. Many policymakers see Unmanned Aircraft Systems as a cost effective alternative to manned aircraft and a way to prevent risking a pilot’s life. These systems have a number of advantages over manned aircraft. They are unbound by ...Read more >

118 Pages
593 KB
RISING INDIA : THE POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC EFFECTS ON THE FUTURE OF NEPAL  

This paper argues that the rise of India will have a positive effect on nearby Nepal, allowing Kathmandu to foster a more prosperous and democratic state. India, the second most populous country in the world, is rapidly advancing as a regional and international power. New Delhi’s sustained growth, which has included almost a 9 percent increase in GDP over the past few years, and rising strategic influence, brings a new dimension to regional and global affairs. India’s rise as a major power will ...Read more >

127 Pages
735 KB
OFFENSIVE CYBER CAPABILITY : CAN IT REDUCE CYBERTERRORISM?  

The subject of cyberterrorism has become a topic of increasing importance to both the U.S. government and military. Offensive cyber capabilities provide a means to mitigate risk to U.S. systems that depend on the Internet to conduct business. In combination with passive security measures, offensive cyber capabilities seem to add to the level of Internet security thereby securing cyberspace for all Americans. The intent of this monograph is to identify the strengths and weaknesses of an ...Read more >

65 Pages
542 KB
FROM BATTLE TO THE BATLE OF IDEAS : THE MEANING AND MISUNDERSTANDING OF INFOEMATION OPERATIONS  

There is a common view within the United States Army that Information Operations is a military doctrine designed to win a battle of ideas within human populations. This monograph refutes this understanding of Information Operations by tracing the doctrine’s underlying design throughout its historical evolution, from its Soviet origins until present. In the late Cold War, increased reliance on both radio-electronic communications and computer automation introduced a new vulnerability: the ...Read more >

69 Pages
513 KB
RMA TO ONA : THE SAGA OF AN EFFECTS-BASED OPERATION  

In the aftermath of the air campaign that began Operation Desert Storm, the US Air Force sought to measure US success in the military-technical and organizational innovation that occurred during the Gulf War and its impact on the future evolution of military art. From the perspective of the Air Force, the success of the war was based on planning and execution by the US air and naval strike forces during the initial aero-space operation, which set the stage for follow-on air-ground operations. ...Read more >

60 Pages
854 KB
INDIAS APPROACHING EXPENDITIONARY ARMED FORCES  

The country of India continues to straddle the crossroads of East and West, much as it has done throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. As the world’s fastest growing population with an enormous capitalist appetite, India finds itself again on the world stage to be strategic partners with a global power such the United States in one instance, and yet, a global competitor interested in agreements with dubious cohorts such as Russia and China. Because of its increasing interests ...Read more >

52 Pages
1.10 MB
PLANNING BEYOND TACTICS : TOWARDS A MILITARY APPLICATION OF THE PHILOSPHY OF DESIGN IN THE FORMULATION OF STRATEGY  

This monograph sets out the philosophy behind a design approach to planning. The broad design theory is an amalgam of the Israeli concept of Systemic Operational Design (SOD), Effects-Based Approach (EBA) and Systems of Systems Analysis (SoSA) as a systemic design process that is complementary to existing decision making tools. The monograph elucidates the philosophical functions that are contingent to this process. The distinction between Form, Function and Logic has been embraced as the ...Read more >

119 Pages
2.03 MB
PROTRACTED COUNTERINSURGENCY CHINESE COIN STRATEGY IN XINJIANG   

In 1949, following the conclusion of its revolutionary war against the Chinese Nationalist forces, the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) peacefully occupied China’s western most province of Xinjiang. For nearly sixty years, the PLA has conducted a counterinsurgency against several, mostly Uyghur-led, separatist movements. Despite periods of significant violence, particularly in the early 1950s and again in the 1990s, the separatist forces have not gained momentum and remained at a level one ...Read more >

95 Pages
1.26 MB
TRUST AND DIALOGUE IN THE ARMY PROFESSION   

Trust is an essential element that forms the core of the professional military ethic. As a foundational concept, trust, from an organizational perspective, facilitates the lasting commitment to meet strategic aims. Trust involves the expectation that the object of trust will behave in a favorable manner, or at least a non-harmful manner, and includes the willingness of a person to be vulnerable to the actions of another based on this expectation. Trust binds the Army together as a cohesive ...Read more >

50 Pages
855 KB
A CONGNITIVE ASSESSMENT OF MILITARY APPROACHES TO UNDERSTANDING  

The U.S. Army is engaged in operations as part of the global war on terror. This presents a complex problem that requires the best possible methods to address. Although this is not the first time the Army has faced complex problems, the scale and protracted engagement of forces throughout the world demands accurate understanding of the situation at all echelons of command. The U.S. Army must achieve understanding in order to effectively and most efficiently meet the objectives set forth in ...Read more >

61 Pages
882 KB
THE ARMYS MILITARY DECISION MAKING : ADEQUATE OR UPDATE AND EXPEND  

The United States Army largely missed the signs that a new threat was approaching, after the end of the Cold War, and was slow to understand and adequately plan for the changes that have since come to fruition. So how does the U.S. Army improve? The Army improves by transforming itself in order to more effectively deal with the increased complexity of the current and future operating environment(s). In order for the U.S. Army to be better equipped to formulate an excellent plan for the right ...Read more >

50 Pages
896 KB
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