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Dissertations
ENGAGED LEADERSHIP : A METHOD FOR LINKING THE PROFESSIONAL ETHIC AND BATTLEFIELD BEHAVIORS  

The ethical behavior of Soldiers on the battlefield is paramount, especially in counterinsurgency and stability operations where the support of the local populace is vital to the success of the mission. Despite their rarity, a few ethical lapses of Soldiers serving at the lowest tactical echelons can be detrimental to the strategic mission. We continue to see how one incident by an individual Soldier or small group of Soldiers can set back the success of an entire unit, even a ...Read more >

22 Pages
988 KB
SHARPENING THE TIP OF THE SPEAR : PREPARING SPECIAL FORCES DETACHEMENT COMMANDERS FOR THE FUTURE  

Given the fact that Special Forces detachments cause effects at the strategic and operational levels of war in the GWOT, it is imperative that SF detachment commanders are adequately prepared to develop a comprehensive understanding of the situation at the operational and strategic levels of war and how their decisions influence and affect it. However, research for this monograph uncovered that not all detachment commanders have a good understanding of the strategic and operational levels of ...Read more >

79 Pages
1.00 MB
NO EMERGENCY INCIDENT RECOGNIZES BORDERS  

The state of Arizona and the bordering towns of northern Mexico acknowledge the need for capability planning. They recognize the benefits of bi-national response and collaborative sharing of resources in times of disaster. Municipalities in southern Arizona and northern Mexico are taking a preventive approach and have created the Bi- National Arizona Emergency Response Task Force (BAERTF). The goal of the BAERTF is to deliver a timely, supportive response and automatic, mutual-aid capability to ...Read more >

55 Pages
1.25 MB
MITIGATING DECISION-MAKING PARALYSIS DURING CATASTROPHIC DISASTERS   

As experienced on 9/11 and learned from the Katrina Report, catastrophic disasters produce environments where situational awareness is low and high levels of uncertainty and equivocality exist. As a result, due to decision-making limitations and an environment wrought with information inadequacies, decision making can become paralyzed. Using grounded theory methodology on disaster cases, and leveraging the theories and processes of Drucker’s business model, the military decision-making process ...Read more >

131 Pages
1.70 MB
MILITARY INNOVATION IN THE RISE AND FALL OF GREAT POWERS : LESSONS FOR AMERICA  

A military‘s ability to adapt its organization, doctrine, and technology strategy to meet the threats of its time influences the state‘s capacity to maintain great power status. This thesis uses a historical overview of military innovation among great powers throughout history to draw lessons for the U.S. military today. In this heuristic analysis, it is determined that great powers that integrated between and among their various elements of national power were able to maintain their positions ...Read more >

143 Pages
1.94 MB
ORGANIZATIONAL LEADERSHIP’S IMPACT ON EMERGENT BEHAVIOR DURING DISASTER RESPONSE AND RECOVERY OPERATIONS   

This Since the events of 9/11 and Hurricane Katrina, emergency management has put great efforts into formalizing response and recovery structures following natural and man-made disasters. However, these formalized structures are not often flexible enough to allow for the innovation that each different disaster may require to best meet the needs of the impacted citizens in the most effective and efficient way possible. As emergency management continues to become more complex, organizational ...Read more >

89 Pages
1.41 MB
INFLUENCE OPERATIONS : REDEFINING THE INDIRECT APPROACH  

Across today’s spectrum of contemporary warfare, the human terrain is routinely recognized as the center of gravity, but disconnects exists between how states or power holders seek to influence target audiences and how insurgents, terrorist groups, and similar nonstate actors fight to seize the population’s cognitive terrain. Insurgents and nonstate actor threats increasingly seek the influence advantage through grassroots processes to subvert populations and establish asymmetric advantages ...Read more >

209 Pages
3.39 MB
REGULATING NATION-STATE CYBER ATTACKS IN COUNTERTERRORISM OPERATIONS   

In August 2008, a military conflict between Georgia and Russia occurred in South Ossetia and Abkhazia. Russian military action in this conflict was immediately preceded by a number of cyber attacks against a variety of Georgian Government Web sites, and while the perpetrator(s) was never conclusively identified, Russia denied involvement. Importantly, however, the Georgian cyber attacks seem to be the first instance of cyber attacks used in combination with conventional attacks. In combating ...Read more >

75 Pages
1.26 MB
BRIDGING THE GAP IN THE REALM OF INFORMATION DOMINANCE : A CONCEPT OF OPERATIONS FOR THE NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL CENTER FOR CYBER WARFARE  

As the information age continues to evolve and technological expansion persists in creating a marked footprint across the four corners of the world, the need arises to protect our prized assets from potential adversarial motives. The extant threat to cyberspace necessitates the need to aptly man, train, and equip our forces to ably combat any untoward incidents. The Naval Postgraduate School with its very diverse population presents an exact medium to develop this next generation of warriors ...Read more >

102 Pages
2.87 MB
EXPLAINING THE SUCCESS OF THE NEPAL COMMUNIST PARTY-MAOIST (NCP-M) IN NEPAL : A COMPARISON OF MAOIST INSURGENCIES IN THE 21ST CENTURY  

The dramatic rise and relative political success of the Nepal Communist Party-Maoist (NCP-M), calls into question the conventional explanations for the success or failure of violent Maoist insurgencies in the current global environment. The Nepalese insurgency ended in relative triumph through a negotiated political settlement that coopted its major demands. Furthermore, the Maoists scored an impressive electoral victory that marked the beginning of a process of complete transformation of the ...Read more >

115 Pages
1.47 MB
LESSONS IN LEGITIMACY : THE LTTE END-GAME OF 2007-2009  

The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam were arguably one of the most feared, lethal and capable insurgent movements in the modern age. Yet despite their strength and wealth, the Sri Lankan armed forces destroyed the LTTE with a conventional army in a series of pitched battles from 2007-2009. This thesis argues that the destruction of the LTTE during the end-game of 2007-2009 was in part due to a loss of local legitimacy amongst the Sri Lankan Tamils that the movement purported to represent. This ...Read more >

73 Pages
1.26 MB
COUNTERING VIOLENT EXTREMISM : THE CHALLENGE AND THE OPPORTUNITY  

It is crucial for the United States to confront the increasing incidence of Americans who turn to violence against their fellow citizens in support of Islamist terrorists. This thesis explores the application of soft power, the government’s ability to mitigate the recruitment and radicalization of new terrorists by attraction rather than coercion, in order to prevent homegrown terrorism. Methods include a comparative policy analysis of counterterrorism models in the United Kingdom and the ...Read more >

166 Pages
1.87 MB
TRAINING AND ORGANIZATION FOR COIN CONFLICTS : A HISTORIC PERSPECTIVE WITH CONTEMPORARY APPLICATIONS  

After eight years of conventional U.S. Army involvement in Afghanistan, the Infantry Brigade Combat Team (IBCT) have remained organized and trained to defeat a peer or near-peer enemy in a direct, symmetrical conflict. The complex socio-ethnical structure of Afghanistan requires something new, but an analysis of international forces involved in a century of Counterinsurgency Operations (COIN) operations indicates a variety of metrics of successful organization and training. Something new can be ...Read more >

107 Pages
1.52 MB
LEVERAGING SOCIAL MEDIA TO ENGAGE THE PUBLIC IN HOMELAND SECURITY   

We live in disparate times. There seems to be an increase in the occurrence of natural disasters and acts of terrorism, creating an increased dependence on government services and emergency responders. By contrast, public safety budgets are shrinking and there are fewer resources to address this greater, widespread need. The answer may be what homeland security officials have yet to do engage the public as a full partner. A relatively new concept has emerged in which social media or Web 2.0 ...Read more >

131 Pages
2.22 MB
A PENNY FOR YOUR THOUGHTS, A NICKEL FOR YOUR HEART : BUYING POULAR SUPPORT FOR COUNTERINSURGENCY  

Complex operations encompass stability, security, transition and reconstruction, and counterinsurgency operations and operations consisting of irregular warfare (United States Public Law No 417, 2008). Stability operations frameworks engage many disciplines to achieve their goals, including establishment of safe and secure environments, the rule of law, social wellbeing, stable governance, and sustainable economy. A comprehensive approach to complex operations involves many elements ...Read more >

26 Pages
1.76 MB
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