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Disaster Management / HADR
THE PROBLEM OF MEASURING EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS THE NEED FOR ASSESSING "RESPONSE RELIABILITY" AS PART OF HOMELAND SECURITY PLANNING   

In the years since September 11, 2001, the question “is the United States sufficiently prepared for future natural disasters or terrorist attacks” has been prominent in national policy debate. Looking at past response operations, it is generally easy to find things that did not go as well as expected or areas where planning and preparedness efforts seemed to fall short. Though learning from past experience is useful and important, managing preparedness planning and policy in the rearview mirror ...Read more >

33 Pages
277 KB
TSUNAMI WARNING AND PREPAREDNESS : AN ASSESSMENT OF THE U.S. TSUNAMI PROGRAM AND THE NATIONS PREPAREDNESS EFFORTS  

Many coastal areas of the United States are at risk from tsunamis. Since 1800, tsunamis have taken lives in Hawaii, Alaska, Puerto Rico, American Samoa, the Virgin Islands, California, and Oregon. Tsunamis happen rarely enough to allow a false sense of security, but when they do occur there may be just minutes or hours for people to reach a safer location. The catastrophic 2004 tsunami in the Indian Ocean provided the impetus for legislation to expand U.S. tsunami warning capabilities (P.L. ...Read more >

15 Pages
196 KB
DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITYS APPROACH TO RISK ANALYSIS  

The scope of responsibilities of DHS is large, ranging over most, if not all, aspects of homeland security and supporting in principle all government and private entities that contribute to homeland security. For some functions, DHS is responsible for all of the elements of risk analysis. For other functions for which the responsibility is shared, effective coordination is required with owners and operators of private facilities; with state, territorial, and local departments of homeland ...Read more >

161 Pages
1.16 MB
ASSESSING FEDERAL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT FOR HAZARD LOSS REDUCTION  

In recent decades, the United States has experienced a decline in the numbers of lives lost due to natural hazards such as earthquakes, hurricanes, floods, and droughts. At the same time, the associated costs of these events are escalating. Between 1978 and 1989, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) paid out about $7 billion in disaster relief funds. In the next dozen years, however, payouts increased almost fivefold, to over $39 billion.1 The primary cause of the rise in losses ...Read more >

77 Pages
296 KB
URGENT RECOMMENDATIONS FOR THE PRESIDENT AND CONGRESS ON GULF COAST RESILIENCE   

The Gulf Coast is entering the height of a hurricane season that is forecasted to be one of the most severe in recent decades. The threat of a major storm hovers over a region that is still coping with the aftermath of one of the worst ecological disasters in our country‘s history. A natural disaster arriving on the heels of the massive BP oil spill would also come on top of the ongoing post-Katrina recovery efforts and the stress of the nation‘s severe recession. In short, should another ...Read more >

28 Pages
3.62 MB
STAYING CONNECTED DURING A REVOLUTION OR DISASTER  By Thomas Wilhelm

People could not communicate. It got to the point that people were literally writing messages on paper, putting them in bottles and dropping them from helicopters to other people on the ...Read more >

29 Pages
517.09 KB
THE HUMAN DIMENSION OF THE HARDENED AND NETWORKED ARMY : THE LESSONS OF FRIENDLY FIRE  

Fratricide is an ever-present problem, and its effects are devastating and widespread. Like a tsunami, fratricide’s influence spreads from the epicentre to engulf the victim’s family and friends, the military, the broader public and the ...Read more >

55 Pages
324.23 KB
EXPERIENCE IN RESPONDING TO THE GREAT EAST JAPAN EARTHQUAKE AND LESSONS FOR INDIA  By Arjun Katoch

Amagnitude 9 earthquake occurred off the Tohoku region of North- Eastern Japan at 14:36 hours on 11 March 2011. This earthquake triggered a tsunami that hit approximately 480 km of coastline with a wave of 30m height in ...Read more >

6 Pages
28.71 KB
DISASTER RELIEF OPERATIONS  

The main purpose of JDP 3-52 ‘Disaster Relief Operations’ (DROs) is to inform and guide commanders and staff involved in the planning and conduct of military support to humanitarian relief efforts in predominantly permissive environments ...Read more >

97 Pages
1.57 MB
A MODEL FOR INTER AGENCY COORDINATION DURING MILITARY OPERATONS  

This monograph proposes a four step model for cooordination planning between other government agencies and the US Military deuring military operations. It discusses the need for such a model based upon the operations involing OGAs in a detailed report on Operation UPHOLD DEMOCRACY,1993 through 1995 in Haiti. Military operation in Haiti during Operation UPHOLD DEMOCRACY confirm the doctrinal requirement for close cooperation between military forces ande OGAs.This operation in particular involved ...Read more >

68 Pages
2.89 MB
KEY RESPONSE PLANNING FACTORS FOR THE AFTERMATH OF NUCLEAR TERRORISM  

This report identifies key planning strategies and important considerations associated with response to a nuclear detonation. The strategies—designed to (a) protect response personnel, (b) perform regional situational assessment and (c) support public safety— were developed for emergency response planners. This work is the culmination of extensive modeling and technical analysis together with interactions among several hundred emergency response personnel in the NCR. Although sound science ...Read more >

120 Pages
12.32 MB
WHO ARE THESE GUYS : NON GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS IN HUMANITARIAN RELIEF OPERATIONS  

The purpose of this paper it to provide an understanding of how to deal with non governmental organizations during a humanitarian relief opertion. Examples and lessons are drawn from the following humanitarian relief operations.Provide Comfort in Northern Iraq in 1991.Restore hope in Somalia in 1992 and 1993. And support hope in Rwanda in 1994.I have described the players in humanitarian relief operations,described their interaction during the execution of relief operations and provoded some ...Read more >

32 Pages
1.55 MB
TERRORISM AND THE MILITARYS ROLE IN DOMESTIC CRISIS MANAGEMENT : BACKGROUND AND ISSUES FOR CONGRESS  

This paper reviews the current legislation and policies that govern the military’s role when supporting law enforcement in a domestic terrorism crisis and highlights some of the issues confronting the U.S. government. To fully understand the military’s role in domestic crisis response it is necessary to explore existing nationallevel structures and response options prior to the involvement of military forces.Crisis management is predominately a law enforcement function that manages the ...Read more >

26 Pages
442.80 KB
THE US MILITARY NGO RELATIONSHIP IN HUMANITARIAN INTERVENTIONS  

The purpose of this work is to examine the operational interface between American non governmental organizations and the US military during humanitarian interventions. It fouses on the infrastructure the military uses to collaborate and coordinate with NGO community during the first thirty to sixty days of a humanitarian intervention. Specifically,it analyzes the use of the Civil Military Operations Center or the variant thereof and its effectiveness as a mechanism for facilitating ...Read more >

238 Pages
14.81 MB
INITIAL NATIONAL RESPONSE PLAN  

This document implements, on an interim basis, the domestic incident management authorities, roles and responsibilities of the Secretary of Homeland Security as defined in Homeland Security Presidential Directive5 (HSPD-5), Management of Domestic Incidents. This document also provides interim guidance on Federal coordinating structures and processes for domestic incident management pending the development, coordination, validation and implementation of a full National Response Plan (NRP) and ...Read more >

14 Pages
254.07 KB
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