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Transformation
BUILDING CAPABILITY FROM THE TECHNICAL REVOLUTION THAT HAS HAPPENED  

The second annual conference on national security transformation confirms the usefulness of an annual appraisal by knowledgeable security specialists of progress on achieving different elements of transformation. But the conference also demonstrated that changing geopolitical circumstances and consequent national security concerns shape which aspects of transformation capture the most attention. For the past 5 years the United States has sought to transform its defense capabilities to reflect ...Read more >

15 Pages
647.00 KB
EXTERNAL RESEARCH ASSOCIATES PROGRAM : RESOLVING INSURGENCIES  

For almost 30 years following the Vietnam War, the U.S. Army and many academics considered COIN part of a receding colonial past, unlikely to trouble them in the foreseeable future. Two protracted internal wars have disabused everyone of that illusion. Insurgency and counterinsurgency are here to stay. While no one in the U.S. military any longer doubts this fact, how best to prepare for future COIN conflicts remains ...Read more >

107 Pages
4.18 MB
DEFENCE PLANNING IN TRANSFORMATION?  

This paper is a personal thought piece based on current developments in Swedish defence planning and their relation to ongoing transformation efforts. However, the intention is in no way to give a full or official account of these developments. Instead my approach is to compare the international state of theart with the Swedish situation as I see it and to propose relatively concrete OR solutions to some of the problems I identify. It should be stressed that these are so far my personal ...Read more >

14 Pages
789.25 KB
MESSAGE FROM THE DIRECTOR, OFFICE OF FORCE TRANSFORMATION  

The strategy for defense transformation is a vital component of the United States defense strategy. At the outset of his administration, President George W. Bush elevated transformation to the level of defense strategy, and he has repeatedly emphasized its importance to the future defense of the United States. At its core, our transformation strategy is a strategy for large-scale innovation. More specifically, transformation strategy is about how a competitive space is selected within which ...Read more >

40 Pages
1.67 MB
CRACK IN THE FOUNDATION : DEFENSE TRANSFORMATION AND THE UNDERLYING ASSUMPTION OF DOMINANT KNOWLEDGE IN FUTURE WAR  

The abandonment of the assumption of near-certainty in war will accelerate defense transformation. Unrealistic assumptions about the nature of future war polarize the debate and obstruct change. The promise of omniscience in the future 96 Courtesy : HQ Central Command Signals discredits and dilutes the transformation effort by deferring changes until an ambiguous future capability becomes available; it encourages recidivism and resistance to changes that are long overdue. The potential ...Read more >

102 Pages
1.91 MB
A SHOT IN THE DARK : THE FUTILITY OF LONG-RANGE MODERNIZATION PLANNING  

The U.S. Army, indeed the military in general, has a history of being unprepared for the next war. There is good reason for this the complexity of the environment for which the Army is required to plan makes predicting the future impossible. Add to this the increasing cost of technological advances associated with weapon development and the funds required for modernization based on future, best guess requirements become prohibitive. A better policy is to modernize incrementally, based on the ...Read more >

17 Pages
1.06 MB
TRANSFORMATION FROM THE OUTSIDE IN OR THE INSIDE OUT.  

During the past fifteen years, there have been many efforts to transform the Intelligence Community , Department of Defense and the Armed Forces. Some of these efforts have been successful to some degree, but they have not achieved the real revolutions that were promised. In general, the reforms of the IC have been less visible than those in DOD; yet the IC has had more than twenty five reform proposals from commissions and committees created by either the executive or legislative branches ...Read more >

68 Pages
2.01 MB
LAYING THE GROUNDWORK FOR THE ARMY OF 2020  

As we near the end of our involvement in Iraq and begin the drawdown in Afghanistan, the Army is approaching a strategic transition. As an institution, we must now broaden our focus from winning current fights to preparing for life beyond them. As we look to the future, we must continue supporting our Soldiers and their families while defending our nation. The real strategic art is balancing our focus between the current and the future. That is why TRADOC is laying the groundwork for this ...Read more >

4 Pages
1.08 MB
TRANSFORMING GERMANYS ARMED FORCES   

The current emotional debate surrounding the possible abolishment of national service is overshadowing the core problem faced by those wishing to reform the armed forces of the country. Those clinging to the idea of national service believe that the establishment of a professional army would lower the standard of recruits as national service ensures that recruits come from a true cross section of the population. There is some truth in this, however higher motivation of volunteers and a longer ...Read more >

5 Pages
650.67 KB
THE JANUS PARADOX : THE ARMYS PREPARATION FOR CONFLICTS OF THE 21ST CENTURY  

This paper poses a serious question about the Armys future.Has the Army sufficiently thought through the environments the newly devised Interium Brigade Combat Team and its more futuristic Objective Force will face in the future. The conclusion The Armys thinkers have done a great job in thinking through traditional combat after all, open, force on force , symmetrical combat is precisely what the Army has done magnificently over the years. But the Army has not given sufficient thought to ...Read more >

53 Pages
3.61 MB
RMA AND INDIAS MILITARY TRANSFORMATION  

The attitudes of the military globally towards revolution in military affairs (RMA) have largely been influenced in recent times by the US Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan and Operation Iraqi Freedom in Iraq which have demonstrated the technological prowess of the US military. In the former campaign the employment of Special Operations Forces (SOF) to direct precision air power was a vital component of US operations to achieve rapid success in combination with the Northern Alliance ...Read more >

21 Pages
540.17 KB
A QDR FOR ALL SEASONS : THE PENTAGON IS NOT PREPARING FOR THE MOST LIKELY CONFLICTS  

The end of the Cold War and the massive changes in the conflict environment that ensued launched the United States on a transformational path in military force planning. In 1996, the first Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR) set out a vision of the two regional contingencies model, with the Nation equipped and able to dominate in two major conventional wars at the same time. But the outlines of a different kind of conflict setting began to emerge as the United States attempted to protect its ...Read more >

5 Pages
1.33 MB
WAGING COMMUNICATION WAR  

In Iraq and Afghanistan, the United States is fighting wars in which the effective communication of ideas and information is vital. Strategists in both these conflicts increasingly share with classic counterinsurgency theorists a keen appreciation that they are fighting for the support of the population and that communication is a key part of the struggle. This article sets out to explore the ramifications of this feature of modern ...Read more >

15 Pages
670.16 KB
MANAGING THE 3MS OF MILITARY READINESS  

Money, manpower and material determine a states capacity to leverage its hard power for fulfilling its national security objectives. A deficiency or an over dose of any of these elements could create a structural imbalance and impact the development of desired military capabilities and in turn, the desired levels of operational and structural readiness. Indias historical experience is replete with instances when a single or combination of inadequacies in these elements had a catastrophic ...Read more >

12 Pages
535.39 KB
REFLECTIONS ON LEADERSHIP  

Last year I read Partners in Command, a book by Mark Perry. It is an account of the unique relationship betweenGeneral Dwight D. Eisenhower and General George Marshall and how they played a significant role in the American victory inWorldWar II and laid the foundations for future success in the earliest years of the ColdWar. Eisenhower andMarshall are, of course, icons, legends etched in granite. Their portraits hang in my ...Read more >

9 Pages
598.60 KB
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