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Small War
SMALL WARS : CIVIL-MILITARY RELATIONS  

Military leaders and their subordinates must establish and maintain positive relationships with the civilian population in order to win small wars. They must be prepared to interact with the civilian population at any time. Winning the hearts and minds of the population is a long and arduous process, but without the populations support, military leaders will find themselves losing the war against the insurgents. The common practices used by the coalition forces are not new or revolutionary. ...Read more >

90 Pages
1.35 MB
THE MYTH OF THE SUNNI DIE-HARD  

The term die-hard entered overall American military and government parlance soon after the fall of Baghdad. Used widely to describe Sunni insurgents who began attacking American troops using guerilla-type tactics,American officials such as Paul Bremer and Donald Rumsfeld made frequent use of the term.1 It was a useful designation for American policy makers, who sought to create a clear delineation between allied forces and insurgents using a term which carries with it connotations of fanaticism ...Read more >

57 Pages
1.69 MB
A HUNDRED YEARS OF IRREGULAR WARFARE  

Irregular Warfare comprises military operations in which one or more sides include irregular forces or employ irregular methods.The rules and ethics governing regular warfare do not apply. Irregular warfare tends to marry especially low conduct with characteristically high minded motives. In prescribing an irregular strategy, the protagonist is able to employ a range of tactical effects or modes of conflict that include insurgency, guerrilla action and ...Read more >

45 Pages
1.46 MB
GUERRILLAS FROM THE MIST  

If you as the head of the UNHCR operation here in Goma do not address the issue of disarming of the ex-FAR [former Forces Armées Rwandaise] and militias in the camps, you will probably see an RPA [Rwandan Patriotic Army] brigade on that traffic circle within the next year, I said, pointing at the junction just outside the window. There is another war coming if we do not disarm the camps and get the refugees home.It was late fall 1994 and I had just finished another scouting trip through the ...Read more >

53 Pages
789.97 KB
THE OPERATIONALIZATION OF DIME  

Current United States National Security policy documents and future global trends drive the requirement to create and maintain an operational level organization to integrate the four elements of national power: diplomatic, informational, military and economic (DIME). From the policy perspective, one can trace the requirement to operationalize DIME to National Security Presidential Directive 1 (NSPD-1), released 13 March 2001 and the National Security Strategy (NSS) of the United States of ...Read more >

56 Pages
853.80 KB
WHY STUDY SMALL WARS  

With the massive advances in technology and the incredible success of U.S. conventional forces in the last decade, one might ask why you should be interested in small wars. There are a huge number of interesting and vital subjects out there. Why should I spend my limited time studying small wars that have been around for millennium. Even some leading historians are arguing that there is nothing new here. For cripes sake, Alexander the Great fought insurgents! Warfare is changing. Why should I ...Read more >

44 Pages
641.71 KB
SMALL WARS PROJECT : DISARMING THE LOCAL POPULATION  

Disarmament is a critical component of security and stability operations (SASO). Since the 1990s, the U.S. military has been tasked with disarmament in Somalia, Bosnia, Kosovo, Afghanistan and Iraq. While disarmament was not a pre-deployment priority for any of these operations, U.S. forces found themselves conducting large-scale disarmament during each operation. As SASO becomes a major focus of the U.S. military, the frequency of disarmament operations will increase. Despite the frequency and ...Read more >

23 Pages
497.38 KB
SMALL WARS AND COUNTER-INSURGENCY WARFARE : LESSONS FROM IRAQ  

On 1 May 2003, President George W. Bush stood aboard USS Abraham Lincoln, in front of a banner stating ‘Mission Accomplished’ and declared that major combat operations have ended. In the battle for Iraq, the United States and our allies have prevailed. The Presidents declaration has proved to be a false dawn. Despite a breathtaking conventional military campaign that removed Saddam Husseins regime in 43 days, the US-led Coalition has since been embroiled in countering an increasingly violent, ...Read more >

181 Pages
1.52 MB
BEYOND CLOSE AIR SUPPORT  

Recent operations in Afghanistan and Iraq have reawakened interest in counterland operations. One battle in particular, Operation Anaconda in Afghanistan, sparked a heated debate between the Air Force and the Army about the conduct of close air support (CAS) and led to new efforts to improve the integration of air power and ground power prior to Operation Iraqi Freedom. Although these efforts were quite successful, there is growing recognition by both airmen and soldiers that air-ground ...Read more >

12 Pages
109.16 KB
BEYOND AL-QAEDA  

During the Cold War, many of the insurgent and terrorist organizations were largely dependent on great-power support. The end of the Cold War brought an effective end to external support for these groups. The Soviet Union disappeared and the United States simply lost interest in the fate of many of its former clients. The post–Cold War survival strategies of these groups hinged on their ability to generate new sources of revenue to support their operations. Some groups were unable to make the ...Read more >

216 Pages
1.15 MB
CHAPTER FIVE : TRANSFORMATION OF THE CONFLICT  

The physical—and electronic—swarming of activist NGOs into Mexico rapidly transformed the context and conduct of the Zapatista conflict. Within days, a traditional guerrilla insurgency changed into an information-age social netwar. The principal participants already had, or had shifted in the direction of, networked organizational structures—a point that is much truer for the EZLN and its NGO cohorts than for the Mexican government and army, but applies to the latter as well. Within weeks, ...Read more >

24 Pages
481.97 KB
ON URBAN WARFARE IN CHECHNYA  

In 1998, the United States Marine Corps was presented with an opportunity to conduct interviews with Chechen commanders and key staff officers who participated in combat operations against Russian forces in the 1994-1996 conflict. The Corps was particularly interested in obtaining the Chechen view as it was then conducting a series of experiments (Urban Warrior) designed to improve its capability to conduct urban operations. Having studied the horrendous losses the Russians experienced during ...Read more >

16 Pages
1.10 MB
LOOKING AHEAD : PREPARING FOR INFORMATION-AGE CONFLICT  

We hope this vision proves useful for thinking about and preparing for conflicts and other interactions in the coming years. But we acknowledge that our ideas remain formative. We state them firmly, with studied conviction, but we know that more thought, research,and analysis must occur before definite answers and solutions emerge. This applies to all parts of our vision; each may develop in an uneven, perhaps ragged, fashion. Heeding the counsel of Stephen Rosen (1991, pp. 243–262), we mean to ...Read more >

63 Pages
568.58 KB
PHOENIX RISES AGAIN : HUMINT LESSONS FOR COUNTERINSURGENCY OPERATIONS  

Today’s lessons from military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan have given rise to the question of how to best develop counterinsurgency strategies that will integrate Human Intelligence (HUMINT) approaches designed to achieve the established objectives. Vietnam demonstrates that this is not a new question. There were then, as there are now,operational-level seams in the fields of HUMINT and counterinsurgency approaches which must be stitched together. This paper will examine the lessons of ...Read more >

26 Pages
528.53 KB
IMPROVING THE INFANTRY INVENTORY : CAN NEW TECHNOLOGIES TRANSFORM MILITARY OPERATIONS IN URBAN TERRAIN  

The period since the Cold War has seen a rapid proliferation of new, potentially revolutionary technology. Few people in the post-industrial world will not be familiar with the conveniences of the information revolution – innovations that have only entered the consumer mainstream in the last fifteen years. The period has also witnessed a dramatic increase in the effectiveness of the armed forces. These new informational technologies have been enhanced and implemented into a new force structure ...Read more >

51 Pages
1.05 MB
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