Artificial Intelligence (AI)
WHO IS WINNING THE AI RACE: CHINA, THE EU OR THE UNITED STATES?  By Daniel Castro, Michael McLaughlin, and Eline Chivot

Many nations are racing to achieve a global innovation advantage in artificial intelligence (AI) because they understand that AI is a foundational technology that can boost competitiveness, increase productivity, protect national security, and help solve societal challenges. This report compares China, the European Union, and the United States in terms of their relative standing in the AI economy by examining six categories of metrics—talent, research, development, adoption, data, and ...Read more >

106 Pages
2.10 MB
CHINA AI DEVELOPMENT REPORT  By China Institute for Science and Technology Policy at Tsinghua University

This report examines China’s AI development from four perspectives — S&T output and talent input, industry development and market applications, development strategy and policy environment, and social perception and general impact. Below is a summary of the main findings of each part. China’s AI papers as a percentage of the global total increased from 4.26% in 1997 to 27.68% in 2017, far ahead other countries. Universities have contributed the vast majority of AI papers, with ...Read more >

122 Pages
14.98 MB
HARNESSED LIGHTNING  By Ryan Fedasiuk, Jennifer Melot, Ben Murphy

Artificial intelligence (AI) is progressing at lightning speed. What 10 years ago would have been considered science fiction— self-adapting computer algorithms with billions of parameters— is now a central focus of military and intelligence services worldwide.1 Owing in part to AI’s fast-paced development, most analyses of its military promise tend to focus more on states’ future aspirations than present-day capabilities. This is particularly true for the Chinese ...Read more >

84 Pages
2.79 MB
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE STANDARDIZATION WHITE PAPER  

The Party Central Committee and the State Council attach great importance to the development of new generation artificial intelligence (AI). General Secretary Xi Jinping noted that: “AI is a strategic technology heralding this round of S&T revolution and industrial transformation, and has a “lead goose” (“头雁”) effect with a strong stimulating nature... Accelerating the development of new generation AI is an important strategic handhold for China to gain the initiative in ...Read more >

67 Pages
10.77 MB
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND NATIONAL SECURITY  By Congressional Research Service

Artificial intelligence (AI) is a rapidly growing field of technology with potentially significant implications for national security. As such, the United States and other nations are developing AI applications for a range of military functions. AI research is underway in the fields of intelligence collection and analysis, logistics, cyber operations, information operations, command and control, and in a variety of semiautonomous and autonomous vehicles. Already, AI has been ...Read more >

43 Pages
1.61 MB
MILITARY AI COOPERATION TOOLBOX  By Zoe Stanley-Lockman

The United States looks at leadership in artificial intelligence (AI) as critical to both advancing its strategic position in the international system and sustaining its military advantage into the future. The U.S. network of allies and partners is an asymmetric asset in service of these aims, as affirmed in national security and defense policy aimed at preparing the United States for the current era of strategic competition. ...Read more >

67 Pages
2.72 MB
DRAFT FINAL REPORT: NATIONAL SECURITY COMMISSION ON ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE JANUARY 2021  By National Security Commission on Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence (AI) technologies promise to be the most powerful tools in generations for expanding knowledge, increasing prosperity, and enriching the human experience. The technologies will be the foundation of the innovation economy and a source of enormous power for countries that harness them. AI will fuel competition between governments and companies racing to field it. And it will be employed by nation states to pursue their strategic ...Read more >

130 Pages
2.91 MB