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French Doctrine
THE STRATEGIC, OPERATIONAL AND TACTICAL ROLE OF LAND FORCES  

This edition of Doctrine Magazine is dedicated to the role of Land Forces at strategic, operational and tactical levels. Its aim is not to review or comment on the above mentioned documents. Instead it intends to bring new vision to the French and Allied approaches to operations passed, current and ...Read more >

88 Pages
7.53 MB
INTELLIGENCE FOR LAND FORCES  

Yesterday, facing the state controlled uniformity of the threat corresponded a model of forces still recently consolidated by the characteristics of blocks confrontation. Today, although it is imperative to keep the capability to conduct conventional warfare in order to reduce its occurrence thanks to the preservation of superiority and the production, as much as needed, of constraining and deterring violence, it is all the more so necessary to adapt the defense capabilities to the new ...Read more >

120 Pages
11.65 MB
ONGOING REFLECTIONS ON THE FUTURE EMPLOYMENT OF LAND FORCES  

The strategic context is changing. Is this really something new. Technology is progressing.Is this really something new? Manhood is changing. Is this really something new.One must agree that to these three questions the answer is no. Novelty, if there is really one, lies more in the speed with which things unfold, in the complication of affairs and in the multidimensional nature of present ...Read more >

40 Pages
3.02 MB
LAND FORCES CONTRIBUTION TO PUBLIC SECURITY LAW AND ORDER DURING EXTERNAL  

This implies two conditions for land forces. The first one consists in the requirement for a joint contribution adapted for and integrated into all operations.This means optimal coordination and interoperability with other services.The second and essential one,pertains to the specificity of land forces the only force able to win and materialize the politico military objectives of all our deployments i.e. the stablishment or re establishment of a durable peace the only force indeed, as this ...Read more >

68 Pages
3.18 MB
WIINNIING THE BATTLE BUILDING PEACE  

Unfortunately, the horizon progressively gets overcast.The political efficiency of our military power was questioned step by step. The Balkans and the forces inability to solve easily the differences here should have shown us that something had changed. However we have long thought that these conflicts were exception whereas they had become the rule of a new reality. We have just changed the semantics by categorizing crisis as operations other than war and by making, wrongly, an opposition ...Read more >

132 Pages
2.62 MB
SYNERGY BETWEEN DOCTRINE, TRAINING AND MILITARY EDUCATION  

Synergy between education and doctrine, a wide ranging program, somebody could have said. However, what could be more natural than teaching what we have thought about and tested in order to have that knowledge applied and criticized. Which better reference too when opening this Doctrine issue than Lieutenant Colonel Ferdinand Foch, a future “mar.chal de France, the author of the first edition of Principles of the War in 1903 exactly a century ago, the director of the French War College in ...Read more >

56 Pages
1.60 MB
STABILIZATION : STRATEGIC FUNCTION DECISIVE PHASE  

The security of citizens is the very first mission of a State. But security must be understood as a whole: today, internal security is achieved as much outside as inside the national territory. Therefore, for the security of its citizens and the preservation of its interests, France needs to have a defense tool able to act outside its borders as the world evolution imposes a forward defense capability, but this must be a useful defense allowing it to effectively achieve on the ground the ...Read more >

116 Pages
1.87 MB
COMMANDING ORGANIZATION IN OPERATION  

French Armed Forces know how “to conquer hearts and souls” and how to live among populations while fighting for them. Our troops repeatedly proved it and they still testify to this everyday. This is a greater challenge than the traditional “strong-to-strong” warfare.This kind of combat requires the full commitment of all the elements of power, as well as everyone’s daily contribution of courage. This is reflected in soldiers conduct, moral strength to endure and overcome, a sense of honor and ...Read more >

81 Pages
8.01 MB
THE LOGISTIC PERFORMANCE  

Conceived for employment and due to the evolutions of conflicts, the Army has been repositioned at the heart of the French defense system and of the political successes of its overseas operations. The Army comes within the scope of a transformation process centered on the optimization of its operational capabilities. Thus,in the new conditions of employing the forces truly expeditionary in most situations today the performance of the logistic system becomes more than ever the determinant of the ...Read more >

108 Pages
2.56 MB
SIMULATION  

The aim is the capability of the forces to execute missions of various natures that are assigned to them in order to reach the searched final political objective; the military operation line must, in this sense, converge with the other lines of operations, diplomatic, economic, security, humanitarian, etc.The aim is clear. The means are also clear: men,equipment and doctrines whose appropriate adequacy is the first condition of the effectiveness of the tool they build together.The second ...Read more >

96 Pages
3.10 MB
THE LEGAL ENVIRONMENT FOR GROUND FORCES  

Because of the increasing number of overseas deployments, French soldiers are often confronted to a new problem the frequent lack of a clearly defined legal framework. Sometimes, as a corollary to that issue, some (fortunately very few) soldiers fall into legal problems. This has caused the legal protection of the soldier in overseas (out-of-area) operations to be a particularly sensitive topic in the course of the last few years. Members of the Armed Forces (particularly of the Army) have ...Read more >

68 Pages
991.29 KB
WHEN WEAPONS GET SILENT : HOW TO ANTICIPATE AND TO MANAGE A CRISIS EXIT  

War has not changed: man is the one who fights, the one whom it is fought against. He indeed remains,at the heart of war, one of the essential and permanent elements of its nature. War has not changed,but war modes, war capacities, war role have changed and, with them, the useful patterns of the military tool used for the realization of political projects. War has not changed, but the modification of crisis natures implies to conduct coherent, harmonious and anticipating approaches in the ...Read more >

60 Pages
1.06 MB
FUTURE LAND ACTION  

This multi-annual study, a priority for the evolution of the land forcesí employment and organization by 2010, contributes to the Army Staff prospective steps carried out within the framework of PP30 (prospective plan for the next thirty years). But its purpose is concrete ; the matter is to take into account the effects of digitalization that are already effective. These ones are still starting to provide forces with tools that enable them to maneuver more quickly, i.e. to better combine ...Read more >

84 Pages
2.50 MB
THE CASE FOR A REACTIVE ADAPTATION OF LAND FORCES  

First, let me very sincerely thank all the participants, who I believe are the key players constituting the forum necessary for the evolution of our land armed forces. Indeed, in this world of the 21st century, the forms of warfare change, becoming more and more complex with a variety of facets. To the strictly military aspects are now added the humanitarian, legal, financial, economic, cultural, religious, social,and (more and more) ecological. These are the MULTIDISCIPLINARY features ...Read more >

36 Pages
1.82 MB