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Pakistan
PAKISTAN : RELIGIOUS FREEDOM LANDSCAPE REPORT  By Religious Freedom Institute

Religion has been integral to the spirit and culture of humanity for millennia.1 The cradle of multiple ancient religions, South and Southeast Asia remains one of the world’s most religiously diverse and spiritually vibrant regions on earth. At the same time, all too many of its two and a half billion people suffer on account of their religion. The South and Southeast Asia Action Team, an arm of the Religious Freedom Institute ...Read more >

76 Pages
11.91 MB
PAKISTAN-SAUDI ARABIA RELATIONS IN FLUX: IS ISLAMABAD REALIGNING ITS FOREIGN POLICY?  By Siegfried Wolf

It seems that relations between Pakistan and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia lie in extraordinary flux. This SADF Working Paper starts by analysing the causes and consequences of that fact. The paper sheds light not only on possible dynamics in Pakistan’s foreign policy in relation to Saudi Arabia but also on the repercussions of said foreign policy for the region. It is argued that Islamabad is currently realigning some foreign policy ...Read more >

26 Pages
427.93 KB
GWADAR: CHINA S POTENTIAL STRATEGIC STRONGPOINT IN PAKISTAN  By Isaac B. Kardon, Conor M. Kennedy, and Peter A. Dutton

This China Maritime Report on Gwadar is the second in a series of case studies on China’s Indian Ocean “strategic strongpoints” (战略支点). People’s Republic of China (PRC) officials, military officers, and civilian analysts use the strategic strongpoint concept to describe certain strategically valuable foreign ports with terminals and commercial zones owned and operated by Chinese firms.1 Each case study analyzes a different port on the Indian Ocean, selected to capture ...Read more >

62 Pages
13.36 MB
CHINA–PAKISTAN COOPERATION ON AFGHANISTAN: ASSESSING KEY INTERESTS AND IMPLEMENTING STRATEGIES  By Ghulam Ali

This article studies China’s and Pakistan’s key interests in Afghanistan, and their mutual cooperation to pursue them. It identifies security, energy, connectivity and geopolitics as China’s main interests. Get recognition of the Durand Line as an international border with Afghanistan, prevention of ‘hostile elements’ from using Afghan territory and access to the CARs as those of Pakistan’s motives. Both sides cooperated with each other on Afghanistan under the umbrella of ...Read more >

24 Pages
1.86 MB
AFGHANISTAN’S REGIONAL RELATIONSHIPS  By House of Lords Library Notes

Afghanistan lies at the heart of Central Asia. Since the invasion by Western-led forces in 2001, its relationships with its regional neighbours have been mixed: at times characterised by co-operation, at others by competing national interests. This Note explores those relationships in the context of Afghanistan’s current security, political and economic situation, focusing particularly on key actors such as Pakistan and efforts to encourage dialogue and co-operation, and examines the ...Read more >

30 Pages
655.29 KB
“AT ALL COSTS”: HOW PAKISTAN AND CHINA CONTROL THE NARRATIVE ON THE CHINA-PAKISTAN ECONOMIC CORRIDOR  By MADIHA AFZAL

The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), China’s 15-year, $62 billion investment in Pakistan and the flagship project of its Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), took the five-decade long strategic alliance between the two countries to the economic sphere in 2015. CPEC is best seen as the economic peg in the wider strategic relationship between Pakistan and China. While the plan’s details — the terms of the investments and loans, the full extent of the projects, and the overall ...Read more >

11 Pages
977.12 KB
PAKISTAN ANNUAL COUNTRY REPORT 2019  By World Food Programme

For Pakistan, 2019 was a challenging year, characterized by an economic downturn, political pressures, insecurity, earthquakes, drought and extreme weather conditions. Cumulatively, these factors exacerbated food and nutrition insecurity in the country. To address the situation, the Government established various development initiatives and structural reforms. WFP’s Country Strategic Plan (CSP) is aligned with the humanitarian and development priorities of the Government. The critical ...Read more >

51 Pages
4.27 MB
RETURNING TO THE SHADOWS: CHINA, PAKISTAN, AND THE FATE OF CPEC  By Andrew Small

The troubles faced by the China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC)—the flagship of China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI)—are perhaps the most conclusive demonstration that the BRI model that has been in place for the last few years is no longer sustainable. Even before the coronavirus pandemic, CPEC had stalled. Not only are the figures commonly cited for the total package of projects under this framework since its ...Read more >

59 Pages
8.33 MB
BRINGING PAKISTAN INTO THE COUNTERTERRORISM NOT NUCLEAR MAINSTREAM  By Lisa Curtis

Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif will pay a visit to Washington this week, which will include a meeting with U.S. President Barack Obama on Thursday. ...Read more >

3 Pages
130.20 KB
THE IMPACT OF DRONE STRIKES IN PAKISTAN  By Zeeshan-ul-hassan Usmani

This paper provides a quantitative analysis of data on the CIAs drone war in the tribal areas of Pakistan. Our unique database, Pakistan Drone Count (PDC), combines data from Pakistan Body Count with information from ...Read more >

32 Pages
1.09 MB
THE INFLUENCE OF WAHHABISM IN PAKISTAN  By Simon Ross Valentine

In the last few years there have been repeated claims concerning the growing deleterious influence of Wahhabism in the Indian sub-continent and the support by the Saudi Arabian government of ...Read more >

12 Pages
516.85 KB
ILLIBERAL DEMOCRATS AND THE MARGINALISATION OF RELIGIOUS MINORITIES IN PAKISTAN  By Ajay K. Raina

The central argument of this paper is that the illiberal particularities of the politics of two of Pakistans greatest leaders Muhammad Jinnah and Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto decisively shaped the emergence of an Islamic. constitutional, legal, political, and educational context in ...Read more >

16 Pages
634.79 KB
A TRANSATLANTIC PAKISTAN POLICY  By Dhruva Jaishankar

Pakistan may not have been in the international media spotlight of late, but recent developments in that country have been volatile and unpredictable, leaving its future ...Read more >

38 Pages
1.75 MB
THE METRICS OF TERRORISM AND INSTABILITY IN PAKISTAN  By Anthony H. Cordesman

The total number of terrorist attacks reported in Pakistan increased 36.8 percent between 2012 and 2013. Fatalities increased 25.3 percent and injuries increased 36.9 ...Read more >

17 Pages
777.85 KB
SUNNI DEOBANDI-SHI`I SECTARIAN VIOLENCE IN PAKISTAN  By Arif Rafiq

Sectarian violence between Sunni Deobandi and Shii Muslims in Pakistan has resurged since 2007, resulting in approximately 2,300 deaths in Pakistans four main provinces from 2007 to 2013 and an estimated 1,500 deaths in the Kurram Agency from 2007 to 2011. ...Read more >

145 Pages
3.18 MB
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