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CI Ops
THE ARMY WE NEED  

It is a huge pleasure for me to be back at Fort Benning. My last visit here was more than 20 years ago, during the hot summer of 1986, when Sergeant Airborne pinned silver wings to my bony chest with a vigor that would today result in a court ...Read more >

3 Pages
254.07 KB
SOFT POWER: MORE THAN HEARTS AND MINDS  

Leading up to the Presidential Inauguration, the use of military Soft Power has been roundly debated as military policy evolves under the new administration. The conventional thought process on how and why militaries conduct soft power operations, non-traditional missions involving humanitarian assistance, disaster ...Read more >

3 Pages
254.09 KB
WIDENING THE SPECTRUM OF INSURGENCY  

Warfare blogs, Department of Defense forums, and defense industry conferences have debated terms surrounding the current global conflict. This clash has a myriad descriptive names such as The Global War on Terrorism, The Long War, and Overseas Contingency Operation. Similarly, defense pundits have wrestled with the terms, asymmetric warfare, irregular warfare, and terrorism. Another definition that must be reviewed is ...Read more >

4 Pages
277.15 KB
THE MYTH OF HEARTS AND MINDS  

Hearts and Minds is a wonderful name for a teen romance novel, but Ive always thought it to be a poor name for a counterinsurgency concept. The idea of winning the hearts and minds of the population carries the connotation that there is somehow a magic formula that will turn the population from willing puppets of the insurgency into enthusiastic supporters of the national ...Read more >

3 Pages
274.15 KB
COUNTERINSURGENCY VS. COUNTERTERRORISM : A CIVILIANS VIEW  

Every twenty years or so, our Army has a furious internal debate over what kind of army it wants to be. We are not talking about an argument over civilian driven social experimentation such as the controversy over gays in the military; this one involves basic disagreement on how Americas Army should doctrinally ...Read more >

4 Pages
277.40 KB
LESSONS LEARNED, LESSONS LOST  

At last weeks SAIS/Texas Tech conference Lessons Learned, Lessons Lost: Counterinsurgency from Vietnam to Iraq and Afghanistan, the final panel assessed which lessons of the past have been applied or should be applied, and which have been disregarded or should be ...Read more >

6 Pages
286.83 KB
FRENCH COUNTERINSURGENCY IN ALGERIA  

While Henry Kissinger encouraged President Bush to read Alistair Hornes seminal study of the Algerian War of Independence, A Savage War of Peace, during the debate on the troop surge to Iraq, this conflict remains largely ignored as a source of inspiration for the conduct of counterinsurgency operations in the Middle East and Southwest ...Read more >

12 Pages
332.85 KB
PSEUDO-OPERATIONS TO NEUTRALIZE EXTREMIST NETWORKS, INSURGENTS AND TERRORISTS  

Terrorism is a threat to the stability and national security of many countries, and has undermined countless governments. However, technological improvements within the last century have allowed greater, more spectacular attacks and broadened the means by which terrorists may broadcast their ...Read more >

5 Pages
309.61 KB
THE UGLY TRUTH: INSURGENCIES ARE BRUTAL  

The recent release by WikiLeaks.org of over seventy thousand classified U.S. Military documents pertaining to the insurgency in Afghanistan has generated immense media and public interest and is being compared in scale to the release of the Pentagon Papers in 1965 by Daniel ...Read more >

5 Pages
289.43 KB
THE RISE OF INTRASTATE WARS  

According to Clausewitz, war is an act of violence intended to compel our opponent to do our will1. War has a unique nature but several faces, which are usually categorized in the form of an adjectivethus, war or warfare can be described as just, necessary, regular, irregular, interstate, asymmetric, civil, humanitarian, extermination, total, limited, nuclear, conventional, movement, electronic, ...Read more >

6 Pages
417.33 KB
TERRORISM, COIN, AND NATIONAL SECURITY  

As a reaction to the 9/11 attacks, the United States invaded Afghanistan to kill or capture Osama bin Laden and to destroy his organization. The pursuit of bin Laden and Al Qaeda soon became a battle against the Taliban and as time passed the original mission receded into the ...Read more >

5 Pages
379.45 KB
BISMARCKS LESSON ON COIN  

An invading foreign force, on completion of its objectives i.e. regime change through violent means or having inflicted sufficient losses to a targeted group, should not prolong its stay and assume the role of occupiers. This tendency infuriates local passion built on independent beliefs, cultural biases, religious differences and historic ...Read more >

6 Pages
772.66 KB
THE STRATEGIC RISK VERSUS TACTICAL SAFETY  

GEN Petraeus. COIN Guidance is published and on the bulletin boards in hundreds of staff offices in Kabul. As the vanguard of this new policy, Afghan Hands have a charter to operate under the COIN Guidance in concert with the mission statement developed for the ...Read more >

7 Pages
706.74 KB
COUNTERINSURGENCY : DOMESTIC POLITICS BY OTHER MEANS  

Clausewitz describes war in a foreign policy context that needs to be adapted to insurgencies. This paper discusses insurgency in the context of domestic rather than foreign policy. It discusses the aspects of domestic politics that help define the role of violent coercion in domestic political ...Read more >

13 Pages
651.58 KB
VICTORY HAS A THOUSAND FATHERS  

Contemporary discourse on counterinsurgency is voluminous and often contentious, but to date there has been a dearth of systematic evidence supporting the various counterinsurgency (COIN) approaches advocated by various discussants. This analysis is based on all insurgencies worldwide begun and concluded between 1978 and 2008; 30 insurgencies in ...Read more >

12 Pages
874.82 KB
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