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CYBER, COMMUNICATIONS, EW, TECHNOLOGY & SPACE (C2ETS) DIGEST SEP 2023  By Maj Gen PK Mallick, VSM (Retd)

In the lead-up to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, and throughout the ongoing conflict, social media has served as a battleground for states and non-state actors to spread competing narratives about the war and portray the ongoing conflict in their own terms. As the war drags on, these digital ecosystems have become inundated with disinformation. Strategic propaganda campaigns, including those peddling disinformation, are by no means new during warfare, but the shift toward social media ...Read more >

26 Pages
623.33 KB
CYBER, COMMUNICATIONS, EW, TECHNOLOGY & SPACE (C2ETS) DIGEST JULY 2023  By Maj Gen PK Mallick, VSM (Retd)

We live in the data-rich Information Age. The ability to share information in near real-time, securely and anonymously, is a capability that is an asset as well as a potential vulnerability to our adversaries and us. The ubiquity of information and the pace of technological change are transforming the character of warfare. Old distinctions between peace and war, public and private, foreign and domestic and state and non-state are increasingly getting out of date. Information Warfare (IW) is ...Read more >

22 Pages
650.98 KB

THE AI-POWERED, TOTALLY AUTONOMOUS FUTURE OF WAR IS HERE  By WILL KNIGHT BACKCHANNEL

A FLEET OF robot ships bobs gently in the warm waters of the Persian Gulf, somewhere between Bahrain and Qatar, maybe 100 miles off the coast of Iran. I am on the nearby deck of a US Coast Guard speedboat, squinting off what I understand is the port side. On this morning in early December 2022, the horizon is dotted with oil tankers and cargo ships and tiny fishing dhows, all shimmering in the heat. As the speedboat zips around the robot fleet, I long for a parasol, or even a ...Read more >

17 Pages
6.17 MB
STANDARDISATION, TRUST AND DEMOCRATIC PRINCIPLES: THE GLOBAL RACE TO REGULATE ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE  By JOSÉ-MIGUEL BELLO Y VILLARINO, DAVID HUA, BARRY WANG AND MELANIE TREZISE

It is difficult to overestimate the international implications of the accelerated development and deployment of Artificial Intelligence (AI) systems across the globe. As noted by Antony Blinken, the US Secretary of State, “[t]he world’s leading powers are racing to develop and deploy new technologies like artificial intelligence (…) that could shape everything about our lives — from where we get energy, to how we do our jobs, to how wars are ...Read more >

52 Pages
5.59 MB
A DARPA PERSPECTIVE ON ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE   By John Launchbury

30 Pages
3.63 MB
TRUSTING AI: INTEGR RUSTING AI: INTEGRATING AR ATING ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE INT TIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE INTO THE ARMY O THE ARMY’S PROFESSIONAL EXPERT KNOWLEDGE   By C. Anthony Pfaff, Christopher J. Lowrance, Bre M. Washburn, Brett A. Carey

Integrating artificially intelligent technologies for military purposes poses a special challenge. In previous arms races, such as the race to atomic bomb technology during World War II, expertise resided within the Department of Defense. But in the artificial intelligence (AI) arms race, expertise dwells mostly within industry and ...Read more >

101 Pages
4.72 MB
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE INDEX REPORT 2023  

Welcome to the sixth edition of the AI Index Report! This year, the report introduces more original data than any previous edition, including a new chapter on AI public opinion, a more thorough technical performance chapter, original analysis about large language and multimodal models, detailed trends in global AI legislation records, a study of the environmental impact of AI systems, and ...Read more >

387 Pages
22.81 MB
U.S.-CHINA COMPETITION AND MILITARY AI  By Jacob Stokes and Alexander Sullivan with Noah Greene

Two tectonic trends in the international security environment appear to be on a collision course. The first trend is the intensifying geopolitical rivalry between the United States and the People’s Republic of China (PRC or China). The second trend is the rapid development of artificial intelligence (AI) technologies, including for military applications. ...Read more >

32 Pages
3.94 MB
DATA, ANALYTICS, AND ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE ADOPTION STRATEGY  

As the 2022 National Defense Strategy (NDS) makes clear, the United States possesses strengths that our competitors cannot match, among them our diverse and open society, our culture of ingenuity, our innovation base, and our globe-spanning network of Allies and partners. The Department leverages these strengths by distributing authority, empowering leaders in our All-Volunteer Force to innovate at the edge and apply their own judgment to combine old and new capabilities into superior ...Read more >

26 Pages
13.24 MB
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IN WARGAMING  By Anna Knack and Rosamund Powell

This report presents findings from CETaS research undertaken on behalf of the Dstlsponsored AI Research Centre for Defence (ARC-D), examining the potential for the application of artificial intelligence (AI) and automation in wargaming. The research focused specifically on segments of manual analytic wargames with partially simulated elements. ...Read more >

60 Pages
9.95 MB
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE STATUS OF DEVELOPING AND ACQUIRING CAPABILITIES FOR WEAPON SYSTEMS  

DOD has reported that AI is poised to change future battlefields and the pace of threats the U.S. faces. AI capabilities could enable machines to perform tasks that usually require human intelligence, such as identifying potential threats or targets on the battlefield. DOD designated AI a top modernization area and is investing heavily in AI tools and capabilities. Other nations are making significant investments in this area that threaten to erode the U.S. military ...Read more >

53 Pages
1.99 MB
ONBOARD AI: CONSTRAINTS AND LIMITATIONS  By Kyle A. Miller, Andrew J. Lohn

NASA’s two-billion-dollar Perseverance rover touched down on Mars in 2021, hosting a suite of advanced tools, including small AI models — but its central onboard computer, or “brain,” runs on re-engineered 1990s processors with less compute than a smartphone. Moreover, these chips had to be hardened to survive radiation from the harsh space environment, increasing their price to nearly ...Read more >

57 Pages
10.88 MB