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GALWAN AND AFTER  By Maj Gen P K Mallick, VSM (Retd)

China and India are heirs to the two oldest civilisations of the world. China and India are the two largest human populated states in the world. Together they have 38.1% of the world s population. China and India have the third and seventh largest landmass of the world. On GDP (PPP) basis, China and India with 27.31 and 11.2 trillion dollars are the world s two largest economies. China and India have the two largest armies of the world. Their armed forces are strong in all domains of ...Read more >

45 Pages
2.76 MB

DEFINING CHINA’S INTELLIGENTIZED WARFARE AND ROLE OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE  By Maj Gen PK Mallick, VSM (Retd)

Marshal NV Ograkov, Chief of Staff of the Soviet Army in late 1970s-early 1980s gave out the theory of Military Technical Revolution (MTR). In the wake of overwhelming victory of coalition forces in Operation Desert Storm, net assessment specialists like Andrew Marshal came out with the term Revolution in Military Affairs (RMA) which basically evolved from earlier term MTR used by Soviet Military ...Read more >

29 Pages
657.48 KB
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IN ARMED FORCES: AN ANALYSIS   By Maj Gen P K Mallick, VSM (Retd)

Today is the age of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. The current period of rapid, simultaneous and systemic transformations driven by advances in science is reshaping industries, blurring geographical boundaries, challenging existing regulatory frameworks and even redefining what it means to be human. Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the software engine that drives the Fourth Industrial Revolution. AI is creating targeted marketing, safer travel through self-driving cars, smarter weapons ...Read more >

17 Pages
120.80 KB
2+2 SUMMIT MEETING AND BEYOND  By Maj Gen P K Mallick, VSM (Retd)

US Secretary of Defence, James Mattis and Secretary of State, Mike Pompeo, accompanied by Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff, Gen. Joseph Dunford, met with India’s Foreign Minister, Sushma Swaraj and Defence Minister, Nirmala Sitharaman, at New Delhi on September 6, 2018, in what was dubbed the “two plus two” summit. Three months have passed since that meeting. The ongoing trade war between the USA and China and recent development in Quad have critical bearing on the ...Read more >

7 Pages
406.81 KB
QUAD AND INDIA’S BALANCING ACT   By Maj Gen P K Mallick, VSM (Retd)

The Quad is a mechanism which facilitates dialogue between four major democracies within the Indo-Pacific region, Australia, Japan, India, and the US, on issues of regional security. The Quad believes in principles of openness, freedom of movement, and respect for the rules-based international order. Quad is a dialogue mechanism, Indo-Pacific is a concept. Quad does not define Indo-Pacific. Quad is not an ...Read more >

7 Pages
511.81 KB
PULWAMA AND AFTER   By Maj Gen P K Mallick, VSM (Retd)

At least 44 personnel of the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) were killed and 70 injured when a Maruti Eeco car laden with explosives rammed into a CRPF bus—part of a massive convoy—in Awantipora town of Pulwama District in Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) on 14 February, in one of the deadliest terror attacks yet on government forces in J&K. The incident took place at Lethpora, about 30 km from Srinagar on the Jammu-Srinagar highway around 3.15 pm. The scene of the attack is not very far ...Read more >

3 Pages
264.59 KB
THE AFGHANISTAN CONUNDRUM  By Maj Gen P K Mallick, VSM (Retd)

The location of Afghanistan is geostrategically critical. It is a land bridge that links China, Central Asia, South Asia and the Middle East. Geo-politically, Afghanistan is located conveniently close to “the soft underbelly” of Russia and China and its neighbor Iran. Will the Americans leave this geo-strategically important location? However the country is constantly at war for several decades. For the country to prosper Afghanistan must have some semblance of peace. For ending the 17 ...Read more >

34 Pages
1.39 MB
5G, HUAWEI AND INDIA  By Maj Gen PK Mallick, VSM (Retd)

The ability to create and use new technologies is the source of economic strength and military security. Technology and the capacity to create new technologies are the basis of information age power. 5G as the cornerstone of a new digital environment is the focal point for the new competition. China’s success in creating globally competitive tele-communications firms has led the Chinese government’s desire to seize leadership in next generation Information Technology (IT). China is ...Read more >

19 Pages
1.49 MB
UNDERSTANDING RMA AND MILITARY TRANSFORMATION   By Maj Gen P K Mallick,VSM (Retd)

Every few years the U.S. defense community latches on to a new term that influences the efforts of the armed services, the Office of the Secretary of Defense, the Joint Staff, and the various agencies, labs, think tanks and others responsible for building and maintaining the U.S. military enterprise. Words move money. Every few years, often at the beginning of an administration, a new buzzword emerges: “revolution in military affairs,” “transformation,” “third offset,” or even ...Read more >

54 Pages
4.23 MB
UNDERSTANDING NON CONTACT WARFARE DIMENSIONS & DOMAINS   By Maj Gen P K Mallick,VSM (Retd)

“Warfare which involves the integrated application of all national capabilities, with technology playing a major role to degrade, disrupt or destroy systems/ targets, while ensuring minimum physical contact of own ...Read more >

69 Pages
5.50 MB
CHINA’S DEFENCE WHITE PAPER – AN ANALYSIS  By Maj Gen PK Mallick, VSM (Retd)

China published a white paper on July 24 this year Titled ‘China’s National Defence in the New Era’. It aims to help the international community understand China’s national defence strategies under President Xi Jinping. This explains the practice, purposes and importance of China’s attempts to build a fortified national defense and a strong military. Some nation states publish their National Security Strategy and National Defence Strategy from time to time generally coinciding ...Read more >

20 Pages
1.39 MB
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT IN CYBER DOMAIN AND INDIAN PERSPECTIVE  By Maj Gen PK Mallick, VSM (Retd)

With the convergence of computer and communications technology a vast, interdependent physical and electronic network has emerged which connected government, commercial, scientific and educational infrastructures including critical infrastructures. This rapid increases in interconnectivity have facilitated enhanced communications, economic growth and the delivery of services critical to the public welfare. ...Read more >

67 Pages
1.48 MB
RISE OF CHINA HISTORY, TECHNOLOGY & POLICIES IMPLICATIONS FOR INDIA  By Maj Gen P K Mallick, VSM (Retd)

China was the world’s largest economy in 1820, accounting for an estimated 32.9 percent of global gross domestic product (GDP). But foreign and civil wars, internal strife, weak and ineffective governments, natural and manmade disasters, and distortive economic policies caused China to fall behind. China’s policies kept the economy poor, stagnant, centrally controlled, vastly inefficient and relatively isolated from the global economy. By 1952, China’s share of global GDP had ...Read more >

156 Pages
1.40 MB
NOTRH KOREA, DAVID OF THE CYBER WORLD  By Maj Gen P K Mallick, VSM (Retd)

In 2004 I went to deliver a talk and chair a session on Cyber War at College of Defence Management, Secunderabad. After the session one of the participant officers of Higher Defence Management Course who was doing his dissertation on a relevant topic engaged me in a discussion that North Korea has no internet connection and how do they do business. My answer that in today’s world no country can afford to have complete disconnect seemed not to satisfy him. Of course Sony happened ...Read more >

16 Pages
640.25 KB
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND NATIONAL SECURITY  By en P K Mallick,VSM (Retd)

The study of devices that perceive their environment and define a course of action that will maximize its chance of achieving a given goal. A subset of artificial intelligence, in which machines learn how to complete a certain task without being explicitly programmed to do ...Read more >

51 Pages
1.60 MB
CYBER ATTACK ON KUDANKULAM NUCLEAR POWER PLANT – A WAKE UP CALL  By Maj Gen PK Mallick, VSM (Retd)

The media is agog with the report of a cyber attack in India’s largest civil nuclear facility - the Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant (KNPP) in Tamil Nadu. Cyberspace provides a new opportunity for determined adversaries to wreak havoc at nuclear facilities possibly without ever setting foot inside the nuclear plant. If the network that runs the machines and software controlling the nuclear reactor are compromised, cyber attacks on nuclear power plants could have physical effects. This can ...Read more >

36 Pages
1.85 MB