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THE LANDSCAPE OF HYBRID THREATS: A CONCEPTUAL MODEL PUBLIC VERSION  By Giannopoulos, G. Smith, H. Theocharidou, M.

In recent years, the topic of Hybrid Threats has dominated the security landscape in Europe. Whereas it may be considered a new topic by several stakeholders, in actual fact it is not. It is as old as conflict and warfare, but repackaged and empowered by changing security environment dynamics, new tools, concepts and technologies targeting vulnerabilities in several domains in an unprecedented ...Read more >

58 Pages
2.28 MB
RUSSIA’S “NEW” MILITARY THEORY: UPDATING CLASSICAL AND ASYMMETRIC TECHNIQUES   By Timothy Thomas

A new understanding of warfare appears under development in Russia. Whether it is actually “new” is open for discussion, but ideas were advanced by Russia’s top leadership indicating that is the case. In June 2019 Russian Defense Minister Sergey Shoygu stated that modern conflict requires new approaches and that developing a new theory of warfare is the main task of the Armed Forces. Shoygu offered that “conflicts of a new generation involve a combination of ...Read more >

11 Pages
180.65 KB
A NATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGY PRIMER  By The National War College

A National Security Strategy Primer provides students with a common point of reference for material covered in the National War College curriculum. We use the Primer as a point of departure for discussions about strategy, and as a principal tool for understanding and achieving core course learning objectives. The Primer specifically addresses the concept of national security strategy and an approach for developing it, one that should be studied closely. In addition to using ...Read more >

49 Pages
1.10 MB
THE FUTURE OF WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION  By John P. Caves, Jr. and W. Seth Carus

In 2014, the Center for the Study of Weapons of Mass Destruction at National Defense University published a paper on the future of weapons of mass destruction (WMD).1 It projected WMD-relevant geopolitical and technological trends and made judgments as to how those trends would shape the nature and role of WMD in 2030. Significant geopolitical and technological developments bearing on the future of WMD have emerged since the 2014 paper or were largely not addressed in that study. This paper ...Read more >

109 Pages
1.78 MB
THE DRAGON S QUANTUM LEAP  By Timothy L. Thomas

Accelerating the informatization buildup of the Chinese military and constructing the informatized armed forces as quickly as possible form the core thinking of Comrade Jiang Zemin regarding the strengthening of the buildup of the modernization of national defense and the armed forces. This is what is primarily entailed in the revolution in military affairs with ...Read more >

293 Pages
2.78 MB
A NATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGY PRIMER  By STEVEN HEFFINGTON, ADAM OLER, AND DAVID TRETLER

A National Security Strategy Primer provides National War College (NWC) students with a common point of departure for consideration of national security strategy and is designed as a principal tool for understanding and achieving core course learning objectives. The primer specifically addresses key concepts of national security strategy and outlines a broad approach for strategy development. Additionally, the primer serves to set a common national strategy language for use within ...Read more >

82 Pages
633.15 KB
KREMLIN KONTROL: RUSSIA S POLITICAL-MILITARY REALITY  By Timothy L. Thomas

Authoritarian regimes are, by their very nature, insecure. They tend to view Western democracies as an existential threat to their way of rule and they fear the development of any type of opposition or protests in the streets. In Russia s case, the latter fear of protests leading to a "color revolution" often appears as important as the ISIS threat to its southern border.Lacking ...Read more >

280 Pages
2.23 MB
FACTORS INFLUENCING RUSSIAN FORCE MODERNIZATION  By Charles Bartles

THE military that the Russian Federation inherited in the 1990s had a bloated command structure designed for the command and control of literally thousands of divisions , regiments, and battalions, with the vast majority of these units being skeleton units manned by small cadres that would help flesh out the unit with conscripts and reservists in the event of a mass ...Read more >

7 Pages
1.15 MB
RUSSIA MILITARY STRATEGY:IMPACTING 21ST CENTURY REFORM AND GEOPOLITICS  By Timothy L. Thomas

Russia is a nation that has always been blessed with creative minds, whether it be literary giants like Fyodor Dostoyevsky and Leo Tolstoy, artists such as Peter Carl Faberge, composers such as Pyotr Tchaikovsky, or the military genius of an Aleksander Svechin or Aleksander Suvorov. Russia also has been blessed with the work of innovators in ...Read more >

460 Pages
4.17 MB
THREE FACES OF THE CYBER DRAGON  By TIMOTHY L. THOMAS

Because our research is always trailing one step behind countries with highly developed science and technology, we lack strategic innovation and industry-leading momentum. For these reasons, amidst this kind of mutual confrontation, the weaker party can only overcome its opponent by utilizing tactics dif erent from its opponent. This statement from Fang Binxing, the developer and so-called Father of China’s ...Read more >

263 Pages
2.01 MB
DECODING THE VIRTUAL DRAGON   By Timothy L. Thomas

Over the past several years, Chinese information warfare (IW) and information operation (IO) capabilities have become more visible and troubling. These capabilities have been used actively in a series of events aimed at a variety of countries. It is unknown exactly how many Chinese IW reconnaissance or offensive events have transpired or the actual intent of these incursions. Several episodes have leaked into the ...Read more >

303 Pages
2.29 MB
USING HYBRID WAR THEORY TO SHAPE FUTURE U. S. GENERATIONAL DOCTRINE  By Justin Baumann

“Russia has dedicated their efforts over the last 20 years to two main areas: learning from their own conflicts in Chechnya and Georgia, and learning from our involvement in the Global War on Terror. The combination of these has resulted in focused modernization that began in earnest in 2008 designed to defeat U.S. systems, prevent effective command and control, and deny key weapon systems access to the battlefield. Now the onus is on the U.S. Army to look inward and determine how to ...Read more >

11 Pages
651.13 KB
THE COMPLEAT STRATEGYST  By J. D. Williams

It is all too clear at this moment that there ate many ways for a book to begin and most of those in plain sight are transparently bad. We are tantalized by the tohought that somewhere among them may lie hidden a few having such noble qualities as these: The readers are informed - perhaps without suspecting it, though in the clearest prose - or what the writer intends to discuss ...Read more >

286 Pages
7.90 MB
STRATEGY AND HISTORY: ESSAYS ON THEORY AND PRACTICE  By Colin S. Gray

Strategy is the bridge between military power and political purpose. Its state of repair is highly variable. Moreover, although it is a bridge that must allow twoway traffic between tasking from policy and evidence on military feasibility, it is the former that must dominate. When policy fails to command it finds itself the servant of warfare, the reverse of the only legitimate terms of the ...Read more >

249 Pages
2.40 MB
UNDERSTANDING MILITARY STRATEGY A PRIMER  By Directorate of Doctrine Training and Doctrine Division, HQ Integrated Defence Staff

The word „Strategy‟ has originated from the Greek word „strategia‟.It is a word of “military origin” but now it is used all – over especially in the corporate world. Military Strategy is a “plan of coherent actions” to achieve National Military/Defence Objectives in accordance with National Military Policy Directive (ie RM‟s Op Directive ) in support of our National ...Read more >

16 Pages
370.54 KB